A Randomized Controlled Trial to Increase HIV Preventive Information, Motivation, and Behavioral Skills in Ugandan Adolescents

Michele L. Ybarra, Josephine D. Korchmaros, Tonya L. Prescott, Ruth Birungi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: One in 25 Ugandan adolescents is HIV positive.Purpose: The aim of this study is to examine the impact of an Internet-based HIV prevention program on Information-Motivation-Behavioral skills (IMB) Model-related constructs.Methods: Three hundred and sixty-six sexually experienced and inexperienced students 13–18+ years old in Mbarara, Uganda, were randomly assigned to the five-lesson CyberSenga program or the treatment-as-usual control group. Half of the intervention participants were further randomized to a booster session. Assessments were collected at 3 and 6 months post-baseline.Results: Participants’ HIV-related information improved over time at a greater rate for the intervention groups compared to the control group. Motivation for condom use changed to a greater degree over time for the intervention group—especially those in the intervention + booster group—compared to the control group. Behavioral skills for condom use, and motivation and behavioral skills for abstinence were statistically similar over time for both groups.Conclusions: CyberSenga improves HIV preventive information and motivation to use condoms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)473-485
Number of pages13
JournalAnnals of Behavioral Medicine
Volume49
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Africa
  • Developing country
  • HIV prevention
  • IMB model
  • Internet-based

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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