A recombination event in the 5' flanking region of the Ly-6C gene correlates with impaired expression in the NOD, NZB and ST strains of mice

W. M. Philbrick, S. E. Maher, M. M. Bridgett, A. L.M. Bothwell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

The murine alloantigen, Ly-6C, is found on 45% of bone marrow cells, 25% of splenocytes and 15% of lymph node cells in all inbred strains of mice tested, with the exception of NOD, NZB and ST. In these three strains, Ly-6C expression can be detected on only 5% of bone marrow cells and not at all on cells from spleen or lymph node. NOD and NZB, which are models for the autoimmune diseases, diabetes and lupus, respectively, also exhibit a depressed syngeneic mixed lymphocyte reaction. Southern blot analysis reveals a restriction fragment length polymorphism involving the Ly-6C gene which is unique to these three strains. Cloning of the affected gewnomic segment from the NOD mouse indicates the presence of an interruption in the flanking region of the Ly-6C gene at a point 475 bp upstream of the transcription initiation site and the consequent separation of distal 5' sequences from the bodyu of the gene by at least 10 kb. Inspection of the recombination borders reveals a set of inverted copies of a mouse repetitive R element. Transfection of the Ly-6C genes from NOD and BLAB/c into a murine carcinoma line indicates relative function impairment of the NOD gene, thus paralleling performance in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2485-2492
Number of pages8
JournalEMBO Journal
Volume9
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • T lymphocyte
  • autoimmunity
  • interferon
  • retroposon
  • syngeneic mixed lymphocyte reaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

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