A remarkably high fraction of strong Lyα emitters amongst luminous redshift 6.0 < z < 6.5 Lyman-break galaxies in the UKIDSS Ultra-Deep Survey

E. Curtis-Lake, R. J. McLure, H. J. Pearce, J. S. Dunlop, M. Cirasuolo, Daniel P Stark, O. Almaini, E. J. Bradshaw, R. Chuter, S. Foucaud, W. G. Hartley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We present spectroscopic confirmation of 10 highly luminous (L≥ 2L {black star}) Lyα emitters (LAEs) in the redshift range 6.01 < z < 6.49 (nine galaxies and one active galactic nucleus), initially drawn from a sample of 14 z phot≥ 6 Lyman-break galaxies (LBGs) selected from an area of 0.25 deg 2 within the UK Infrared Deep Sky Survey (UKIDSS) Ultra-Deep Survey (UDS). Overall, our high rate of spectroscopic confirmation (≥71 per cent) and low rate of contamination provides a strong vindication of the photometric redshift analysis used to define the original sample. By considering star formation rate estimates based on the Lyα and ultraviolet continuum luminosity we conclude that our sample is consistent with a Lyα escape fraction of ≃25 per cent. Moreover, after careful consideration of the potential uncertainties and biases, we find that 40-50 per cent of our sample of L≥ 2L {black star} galaxies at 6.0 < z < 6.5 display strong Lyα emission (rest-frame equivalent width ≥25Å), a fraction which is a factor of ≃2 higher than previously reported for L≤L {black star} galaxies at z≃ 6. Our results suggest that, as the epoch of reionization is approached, it is plausible that the LAE fraction amongst luminous (L≥ 2L {black star}) LBGs shows a similarly sharp increase to that observed in their lower luminosity (L≤L {black star}) counterparts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1425-1435
Number of pages11
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume422
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2012

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emitters
galaxies
stars
luminosity
star formation rate
active galactic nuclei
escape
contamination
time measurement
rate
continuums
estimates
analysis

Keywords

  • Galaxies: Evolution
  • Galaxies: Formation
  • Galaxies: High-redshift

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

A remarkably high fraction of strong Lyα emitters amongst luminous redshift 6.0 < z < 6.5 Lyman-break galaxies in the UKIDSS Ultra-Deep Survey. / Curtis-Lake, E.; McLure, R. J.; Pearce, H. J.; Dunlop, J. S.; Cirasuolo, M.; Stark, Daniel P; Almaini, O.; Bradshaw, E. J.; Chuter, R.; Foucaud, S.; Hartley, W. G.

In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 422, No. 2, 05.2012, p. 1425-1435.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Curtis-Lake, E, McLure, RJ, Pearce, HJ, Dunlop, JS, Cirasuolo, M, Stark, DP, Almaini, O, Bradshaw, EJ, Chuter, R, Foucaud, S & Hartley, WG 2012, 'A remarkably high fraction of strong Lyα emitters amongst luminous redshift 6.0 < z < 6.5 Lyman-break galaxies in the UKIDSS Ultra-Deep Survey', Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol. 422, no. 2, pp. 1425-1435. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.20720.x
Curtis-Lake, E. ; McLure, R. J. ; Pearce, H. J. ; Dunlop, J. S. ; Cirasuolo, M. ; Stark, Daniel P ; Almaini, O. ; Bradshaw, E. J. ; Chuter, R. ; Foucaud, S. ; Hartley, W. G. / A remarkably high fraction of strong Lyα emitters amongst luminous redshift 6.0 < z < 6.5 Lyman-break galaxies in the UKIDSS Ultra-Deep Survey. In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 2012 ; Vol. 422, No. 2. pp. 1425-1435.
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abstract = "We present spectroscopic confirmation of 10 highly luminous (L≥ 2L {black star}) Lyα emitters (LAEs) in the redshift range 6.01 < z < 6.49 (nine galaxies and one active galactic nucleus), initially drawn from a sample of 14 z phot≥ 6 Lyman-break galaxies (LBGs) selected from an area of 0.25 deg 2 within the UK Infrared Deep Sky Survey (UKIDSS) Ultra-Deep Survey (UDS). Overall, our high rate of spectroscopic confirmation (≥71 per cent) and low rate of contamination provides a strong vindication of the photometric redshift analysis used to define the original sample. By considering star formation rate estimates based on the Lyα and ultraviolet continuum luminosity we conclude that our sample is consistent with a Lyα escape fraction of ≃25 per cent. Moreover, after careful consideration of the potential uncertainties and biases, we find that 40-50 per cent of our sample of L≥ 2L {black star} galaxies at 6.0 < z < 6.5 display strong Lyα emission (rest-frame equivalent width ≥25{\AA}), a fraction which is a factor of ≃2 higher than previously reported for L≤L {black star} galaxies at z≃ 6. Our results suggest that, as the epoch of reionization is approached, it is plausible that the LAE fraction amongst luminous (L≥ 2L {black star}) LBGs shows a similarly sharp increase to that observed in their lower luminosity (L≤L {black star}) counterparts.",
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AU - McLure, R. J.

AU - Pearce, H. J.

AU - Dunlop, J. S.

AU - Cirasuolo, M.

AU - Stark, Daniel P

AU - Almaini, O.

AU - Bradshaw, E. J.

AU - Chuter, R.

AU - Foucaud, S.

AU - Hartley, W. G.

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