A review of lawsuits related to point-of-care emergency ultrasound applications

Lori Stolz, Kathleen M. O'Brien, Marc L Miller, Nicole D. Winters-Brown, Michael Blaivas, Srikar R Adhikari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: New medical technology brings the potential of lawsuits related to the usage of that new technology. In recent years the use of point-of-care (POC) ultrasound has increased rapidly in the emergency department (ED). POC ultrasound creates potential legal risk to an emergency physician (EP) either using or not using this tool. The aim of this study was to quantify and characterize reported decisions in lawsuits related to EPs performing POC ultrasound. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of all United States reported state and federal cases in the Westlaw database. We assessed the full text of reported cases between January 2008 and December 2012. EPs with emergency ultrasound fellowship training reviewed the full text of each case. Cases were included if an EP was named, the patient encounter was in the emergency department, the interpretation or failure to perform an ultrasound was a central issue and the application was within the American College of Emergency Physician (ACEP) ultrasound core applications. In order to assess deferred risk, cases that involved ultrasound examinations that could have been performed by an EP but were deferred to radiology were included. Results: We identified five cases. All reported decisions alleged a failure to perform an ultrasound study or a failure to perform it in a timely manner. All studies were within the scope of emergency medicine and were ACEP emergency ultrasound core applications. A majority of cases (n=4) resulted in a patient death. There were no reported cases of failure to interpret or misdiagnoses. Conclusion: In a five-year period from January 2008 through December 2012, five malpractice cases involving EPs and ultrasound examinations that are ACEP core emergency ultrasound applications were documented in the Westlaw database. All cases were related to failure to perform an ultrasound study or failure to perform a study in a timely manner and none involved failure to interpret or misdiagnosis when using of POC ultrasound.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-4
Number of pages4
JournalWestern Journal of Emergency Medicine
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

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Point-of-Care Systems
Emergencies
Physicians
Diagnostic Errors
Hospital Emergency Service
Databases
Technology
Emergency Medicine
Malpractice
Radiology

Keywords

  • Emergency physician
  • Malpractice
  • Point-of-care ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine

Cite this

A review of lawsuits related to point-of-care emergency ultrasound applications. / Stolz, Lori; O'Brien, Kathleen M.; Miller, Marc L; Winters-Brown, Nicole D.; Blaivas, Michael; Adhikari, Srikar R.

In: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine, Vol. 16, No. 1, 2015, p. 1-4.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Stolz, Lori ; O'Brien, Kathleen M. ; Miller, Marc L ; Winters-Brown, Nicole D. ; Blaivas, Michael ; Adhikari, Srikar R. / A review of lawsuits related to point-of-care emergency ultrasound applications. In: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2015 ; Vol. 16, No. 1. pp. 1-4.
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