A review of polymeric membranes and processes for potable water reuse

David M. Warsinger, Sudip Chakraborty, Emily W. Tow, Megan H. Plumlee, Christopher Bellona, Savvina Loutatidou, Leila Karimi, Anne M. Mikelonis, Andrea Achilli, Abbas Ghassemi, Lokesh P. Padhye, Shane A Snyder, Stefano Curcio, Chad D. Vecitis, Hassan A. Arafat, John H. Lienhard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Conventional water resources in many regions are insufficient to meet the water needs of growing populations, thus reuse is gaining acceptance as a method of water supply augmentation. Recent advancements in membrane technology have allowed for the reclamation of municipal wastewater for the production of drinking water, i.e., potable reuse. Although public perception can be a challenge, potable reuse is often the least energy-intensive method of providing additional drinking water to water stressed regions. A variety of membranes have been developed that can remove water contaminants ranging from particles and pathogens to dissolved organic compounds and salts. Typically, potable reuse treatment plants use polymeric membranes for microfiltration or ultrafiltration in conjunction with reverse osmosis and, in some cases, nanofiltration. Membrane properties, including pore size, wettability, surface charge, roughness, thermal resistance, chemical stability, permeability, thickness and mechanical strength, vary between membranes and applications. Advancements in membrane technology including new membrane materials, coatings, and manufacturing methods, as well as emerging membrane processes such as membrane bioreactors, electrodialysis, and forward osmosis have been developed to improve selectivity, energy consumption, fouling resistance, and/or capital cost. The purpose of this review is to provide a comprehensive summary of the role of polymeric membranes and process components in the treatment of wastewater to potable water quality and to highlight recent advancements and needs in separation processes. Beyond membranes themselves, this review covers the background and history of potable reuse, and commonly used potable reuse process chains, pretreatment steps, and advanced oxidation processes. Key trends in membrane technology include novel configurations, materials, and fouling prevention techniques. Challenges still facing membrane-based potable reuse applications, including chemical and biological contaminant removal, membrane fouling, and public perception, are highlighted as areas in need of further research and development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalProgress in Polymer Science
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

potable water
Polymeric membranes
reuse
Potable water
Drinking Water
membranes
Membranes
Membrane technology
Fouling
fouling
Water
Wastewater
Impurities
drinking
water
Electrodialysis
Nanofiltration
Membrane fouling
Osmosis
Microfiltration

Keywords

  • Filtration
  • Fouling
  • Polymeric membranes
  • Potable reuse
  • Reverse osmosis
  • Review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Warsinger, D. M., Chakraborty, S., Tow, E. W., Plumlee, M. H., Bellona, C., Loutatidou, S., ... Lienhard, J. H. (Accepted/In press). A review of polymeric membranes and processes for potable water reuse. Progress in Polymer Science. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.progpolymsci.2018.01.004

A review of polymeric membranes and processes for potable water reuse. / Warsinger, David M.; Chakraborty, Sudip; Tow, Emily W.; Plumlee, Megan H.; Bellona, Christopher; Loutatidou, Savvina; Karimi, Leila; Mikelonis, Anne M.; Achilli, Andrea; Ghassemi, Abbas; Padhye, Lokesh P.; Snyder, Shane A; Curcio, Stefano; Vecitis, Chad D.; Arafat, Hassan A.; Lienhard, John H.

In: Progress in Polymer Science, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Warsinger, DM, Chakraborty, S, Tow, EW, Plumlee, MH, Bellona, C, Loutatidou, S, Karimi, L, Mikelonis, AM, Achilli, A, Ghassemi, A, Padhye, LP, Snyder, SA, Curcio, S, Vecitis, CD, Arafat, HA & Lienhard, JH 2018, 'A review of polymeric membranes and processes for potable water reuse', Progress in Polymer Science. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.progpolymsci.2018.01.004
Warsinger, David M. ; Chakraborty, Sudip ; Tow, Emily W. ; Plumlee, Megan H. ; Bellona, Christopher ; Loutatidou, Savvina ; Karimi, Leila ; Mikelonis, Anne M. ; Achilli, Andrea ; Ghassemi, Abbas ; Padhye, Lokesh P. ; Snyder, Shane A ; Curcio, Stefano ; Vecitis, Chad D. ; Arafat, Hassan A. ; Lienhard, John H. / A review of polymeric membranes and processes for potable water reuse. In: Progress in Polymer Science. 2018.
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