A rule of unity for human intestinal absorption 2: Application to drugs that are marketed as salts

Raj B. Patel, Brittany Admire, Samuel H. Yalkowsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The efficiency of the human intestinal absorption (HIA) of the 59 drugs which are marketed as salts is predicted using the rule of unity. Intrinsic aqueous solubilities and partition coefficients along with the drug dose are used to calculate modified absorption potential (MAP) values. These values are shown to be related to the fraction of the dose that is absorbed upon oral administration in humans (FA). It is shown that the MAP value can distinguish between drugs that are poorly absorbed (FA <0.5) and those that are well absorbed (FA ≥ 0.5). Inspection of the data as well as a receiver operative characteristic (ROC) plot shows that a single critical MAP value can be used for predicting efficient human absorption of drugs. This forms the basis of a simple rule of unity based solely on in vitro data for predicting whether or not a drug will be well absorbed at a given dose.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)238-243
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Drug Delivery
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Absorption
  • Oral dose
  • Permeability
  • Prediction
  • Salts
  • Solubility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science

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