A safe operating space for humanity

Johan Rockström, Will Steffen, Kevin Noone, Åsa Persson, F. Stuart Chapin, Eric F. Lambin, Timothy M. Lenton, Marten Scheffer, Carl Folke, Hans Joachim Schellnhuber, Björn Nykvist, Cynthia A. De Wit, Terry Hughes, Sander Van Der Leeuw, Henning Rodhe, Sverker Sörlin, Peter K. Snyder, Robert Costanza, Uno Svedin, Malin FalkenmarkLouise Karlberg, Robert W. Corell, Victoria J. Fabry, James Hansen, Brian Walker, Diana Liverman, Katherine Richardson, Paul Crutzen, Jonathan A. Foley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4312 Citations (Scopus)
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)472-475
Number of pages4
Issue number7263
StatePublished - Sep 24 2009


21st Century History
Green Chemistry Technology
20th Century History
Earth (Planet)
Ancient History
Greenhouse Effect
Biological Extinction
Ice Cover
planetary atmosphere
Climate Change
greenhouse effect
Conservation of Natural Resources
environmental degradation
ice cover
Human Activities

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  • General

Cite this

Rockström, J., Steffen, W., Noone, K., Persson, Å., Chapin, F. S., Lambin, E. F., ... Foley, J. A. (2009). A safe operating space for humanity. Nature, 461(7263), 472-475. https://doi.org/10.1038/461472a

A safe operating space for humanity. / Rockström, Johan; Steffen, Will; Noone, Kevin; Persson, Åsa; Chapin, F. Stuart; Lambin, Eric F.; Lenton, Timothy M.; Scheffer, Marten; Folke, Carl; Schellnhuber, Hans Joachim; Nykvist, Björn; De Wit, Cynthia A.; Hughes, Terry; Van Der Leeuw, Sander; Rodhe, Henning; Sörlin, Sverker; Snyder, Peter K.; Costanza, Robert; Svedin, Uno; Falkenmark, Malin; Karlberg, Louise; Corell, Robert W.; Fabry, Victoria J.; Hansen, James; Walker, Brian; Liverman, Diana; Richardson, Katherine; Crutzen, Paul; Foley, Jonathan A.

In: Nature, Vol. 461, No. 7263, 24.09.2009, p. 472-475.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rockström, J, Steffen, W, Noone, K, Persson, Å, Chapin, FS, Lambin, EF, Lenton, TM, Scheffer, M, Folke, C, Schellnhuber, HJ, Nykvist, B, De Wit, CA, Hughes, T, Van Der Leeuw, S, Rodhe, H, Sörlin, S, Snyder, PK, Costanza, R, Svedin, U, Falkenmark, M, Karlberg, L, Corell, RW, Fabry, VJ, Hansen, J, Walker, B, Liverman, D, Richardson, K, Crutzen, P & Foley, JA 2009, 'A safe operating space for humanity', Nature, vol. 461, no. 7263, pp. 472-475. https://doi.org/10.1038/461472a
Rockström J, Steffen W, Noone K, Persson Å, Chapin FS, Lambin EF et al. A safe operating space for humanity. Nature. 2009 Sep 24;461(7263):472-475. https://doi.org/10.1038/461472a
Rockström, Johan ; Steffen, Will ; Noone, Kevin ; Persson, Åsa ; Chapin, F. Stuart ; Lambin, Eric F. ; Lenton, Timothy M. ; Scheffer, Marten ; Folke, Carl ; Schellnhuber, Hans Joachim ; Nykvist, Björn ; De Wit, Cynthia A. ; Hughes, Terry ; Van Der Leeuw, Sander ; Rodhe, Henning ; Sörlin, Sverker ; Snyder, Peter K. ; Costanza, Robert ; Svedin, Uno ; Falkenmark, Malin ; Karlberg, Louise ; Corell, Robert W. ; Fabry, Victoria J. ; Hansen, James ; Walker, Brian ; Liverman, Diana ; Richardson, Katherine ; Crutzen, Paul ; Foley, Jonathan A. / A safe operating space for humanity. In: Nature. 2009 ; Vol. 461, No. 7263. pp. 472-475.
title = "A safe operating space for humanity",
author = "Johan Rockstr{\"o}m and Will Steffen and Kevin Noone and {\AA}sa Persson and Chapin, {F. Stuart} and Lambin, {Eric F.} and Lenton, {Timothy M.} and Marten Scheffer and Carl Folke and Schellnhuber, {Hans Joachim} and Bj{\"o}rn Nykvist and {De Wit}, {Cynthia A.} and Terry Hughes and {Van Der Leeuw}, Sander and Henning Rodhe and Sverker S{\"o}rlin and Snyder, {Peter K.} and Robert Costanza and Uno Svedin and Malin Falkenmark and Louise Karlberg and Corell, {Robert W.} and Fabry, {Victoria J.} and James Hansen and Brian Walker and Diana Liverman and Katherine Richardson and Paul Crutzen and Foley, {Jonathan A.}",
year = "2009",
month = "9",
day = "24",
doi = "10.1038/461472a",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "461",
pages = "472--475",
journal = "Nature",
issn = "0028-0836",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "7263",



T1 - A safe operating space for humanity

AU - Rockström, Johan

AU - Steffen, Will

AU - Noone, Kevin

AU - Persson, Åsa

AU - Chapin, F. Stuart

AU - Lambin, Eric F.

AU - Lenton, Timothy M.

AU - Scheffer, Marten

AU - Folke, Carl

AU - Schellnhuber, Hans Joachim

AU - Nykvist, Björn

AU - De Wit, Cynthia A.

AU - Hughes, Terry

AU - Van Der Leeuw, Sander

AU - Rodhe, Henning

AU - Sörlin, Sverker

AU - Snyder, Peter K.

AU - Costanza, Robert

AU - Svedin, Uno

AU - Falkenmark, Malin

AU - Karlberg, Louise

AU - Corell, Robert W.

AU - Fabry, Victoria J.

AU - Hansen, James

AU - Walker, Brian

AU - Liverman, Diana

AU - Richardson, Katherine

AU - Crutzen, Paul

AU - Foley, Jonathan A.

PY - 2009/9/24

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U2 - 10.1038/461472a

DO - 10.1038/461472a

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EP - 475

JO - Nature

JF - Nature

SN - 0028-0836

IS - 7263

ER -