A Scalable THz Photonic Crystal Fiber with Partially-Slotted Core that Exhibits Improved Birefringence and Reduced Loss

Tianyu Yang, Can Ding, Richard W Ziolkowski, Y. Jay Guo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A photonic crystal fiber (PCF) based on high resistivity silicon (HRS) is reported that exhibits high birefringence, low loss, and flat dispersion characteristics across a wide bandwidth in the THz regime. Except for the center region, which remains the background dielectric, its core is occupied by a set of rectangular air slots. The material and configuration lead to high birefringence and low loss. The simulation results, which include the material losses, indicate that a birefringence value of 0.82 and a total loss of 0.011 cm<formula><tex>$^{-1}$</tex></formula>, including the effective material loss (EML) and confinement (CL) losses, are achieved at 1.0 THz. These values are a factor of 10 times higher and 4 times lower respectively, than many recent designs. The numerical analyses also demonstrate that the reported PCF can be scaled to any desired portion of the THz regime, while maintaining a similar birefringence, simply by changing the lattice constant. This &#x201C;scalable&#x201D; characteristic is shown to be applicable to other PCF designs. It could facilitate a novel way of testing THz fibers, i.e., it suggests that one only needs to test the preform to validate the performance of the fiber at higher frequencies. This outcome would significantly reduce the design complexity and the costs of PCF testing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Lightwave Technology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - May 31 2018

Fingerprint

birefringence
photonics
fibers
crystals
preforms
slots
bandwidth
costs
electrical resistivity
air
silicon
configurations
simulation

Keywords

  • Birefringence
  • confinement loss (CL)
  • dispersion
  • effective material loss (EML)
  • Lattices
  • Optical fiber devices
  • Optical fiber dispersion
  • Optical fiber networks
  • Optical fiber polarization
  • photonic crystal fiber (PCF)
  • terahertz

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Cite this

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title = "A Scalable THz Photonic Crystal Fiber with Partially-Slotted Core that Exhibits Improved Birefringence and Reduced Loss",
abstract = "A photonic crystal fiber (PCF) based on high resistivity silicon (HRS) is reported that exhibits high birefringence, low loss, and flat dispersion characteristics across a wide bandwidth in the THz regime. Except for the center region, which remains the background dielectric, its core is occupied by a set of rectangular air slots. The material and configuration lead to high birefringence and low loss. The simulation results, which include the material losses, indicate that a birefringence value of 0.82 and a total loss of 0.011 cm$^{-1}$, including the effective material loss (EML) and confinement (CL) losses, are achieved at 1.0 THz. These values are a factor of 10 times higher and 4 times lower respectively, than many recent designs. The numerical analyses also demonstrate that the reported PCF can be scaled to any desired portion of the THz regime, while maintaining a similar birefringence, simply by changing the lattice constant. This “scalable” characteristic is shown to be applicable to other PCF designs. It could facilitate a novel way of testing THz fibers, i.e., it suggests that one only needs to test the preform to validate the performance of the fiber at higher frequencies. This outcome would significantly reduce the design complexity and the costs of PCF testing.",
keywords = "Birefringence, confinement loss (CL), dispersion, effective material loss (EML), Lattices, Optical fiber devices, Optical fiber dispersion, Optical fiber networks, Optical fiber polarization, photonic crystal fiber (PCF), terahertz",
author = "Tianyu Yang and Can Ding and Ziolkowski, {Richard W} and Guo, {Y. Jay}",
year = "2018",
month = "5",
day = "31",
doi = "10.1109/JLT.2018.2842825",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Journal of Lightwave Technology",
issn = "0733-8724",
publisher = "Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.",

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T1 - A Scalable THz Photonic Crystal Fiber with Partially-Slotted Core that Exhibits Improved Birefringence and Reduced Loss

AU - Yang, Tianyu

AU - Ding, Can

AU - Ziolkowski, Richard W

AU - Guo, Y. Jay

PY - 2018/5/31

Y1 - 2018/5/31

N2 - A photonic crystal fiber (PCF) based on high resistivity silicon (HRS) is reported that exhibits high birefringence, low loss, and flat dispersion characteristics across a wide bandwidth in the THz regime. Except for the center region, which remains the background dielectric, its core is occupied by a set of rectangular air slots. The material and configuration lead to high birefringence and low loss. The simulation results, which include the material losses, indicate that a birefringence value of 0.82 and a total loss of 0.011 cm$^{-1}$, including the effective material loss (EML) and confinement (CL) losses, are achieved at 1.0 THz. These values are a factor of 10 times higher and 4 times lower respectively, than many recent designs. The numerical analyses also demonstrate that the reported PCF can be scaled to any desired portion of the THz regime, while maintaining a similar birefringence, simply by changing the lattice constant. This “scalable” characteristic is shown to be applicable to other PCF designs. It could facilitate a novel way of testing THz fibers, i.e., it suggests that one only needs to test the preform to validate the performance of the fiber at higher frequencies. This outcome would significantly reduce the design complexity and the costs of PCF testing.

AB - A photonic crystal fiber (PCF) based on high resistivity silicon (HRS) is reported that exhibits high birefringence, low loss, and flat dispersion characteristics across a wide bandwidth in the THz regime. Except for the center region, which remains the background dielectric, its core is occupied by a set of rectangular air slots. The material and configuration lead to high birefringence and low loss. The simulation results, which include the material losses, indicate that a birefringence value of 0.82 and a total loss of 0.011 cm$^{-1}$, including the effective material loss (EML) and confinement (CL) losses, are achieved at 1.0 THz. These values are a factor of 10 times higher and 4 times lower respectively, than many recent designs. The numerical analyses also demonstrate that the reported PCF can be scaled to any desired portion of the THz regime, while maintaining a similar birefringence, simply by changing the lattice constant. This “scalable” characteristic is shown to be applicable to other PCF designs. It could facilitate a novel way of testing THz fibers, i.e., it suggests that one only needs to test the preform to validate the performance of the fiber at higher frequencies. This outcome would significantly reduce the design complexity and the costs of PCF testing.

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KW - Optical fiber polarization

KW - photonic crystal fiber (PCF)

KW - terahertz

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