A simplified isolated perfused rat liver (IPRL) preparation has been developed and evaluated. The liver is briefly perfused in situ prior to being placed into a 37°C oven and suspended from a stand. This set-up takes about 5 min. A non-recirculatory or one-pass perfusion approach has been used. The performance of the apparatus was evaluated with use of three model compounds: antipyrine, lidocaine and ethanol. In addition, oxygen extraction was determined. The steady-state extraction ratio (ER) was determined for each compound (and oxygen) as a function of perfusate flow rate (15-35 ml/min) during sequential 45 min perfusion periods. Perfusion experiments lasted for up to 3 hr. The ERs (at 15 ml/min) of ethanol (0.65 ± 0.15), lidocaine (0.91 ± 0.01) and oxygen (0.65 ± 0.10) were dependent upon perfusate flow; whereas, antipyrine ER (0.07 ± 0.01) was independent of flow. The corresponding values for unbound intrinsic clearances (CL(u,int)) for antipyrine, ethanol, lidocaine and oxygen were: 1.6, 31.0, 158.0 and 27.5 ml/min, respectively. These findings are consistent with the known hepatic ER values for those compounds reported in the literature.
- Extraction ratio
- Intrinsic metabolic clearance
- Isolated perfused rat liver
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)