A spectral filtering method for tracking formants in children's speech

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Children's speech is typically characterized by high fundamental frequencies (e.g., 250-600 Hz) that create widely spaced harmonic components, producing an apparent undersampling of the vocal tract transfer function. The purpose of this study is to describe a formant measurement technique based on cepstral analysis that does not require modification of the cepstrum itself or transformation back to the spectral domain. Instead, the spectrum is low-pass filtered with a cutoff point (i.e., cutoff "quefrency" in the terminology of cepstral analysis) to preserve only the spectral envelope. To test the method, speech representative of a 2 to 3 year-old child was simulated with an airway modulation model of speech production. The model includes physiologically-scaled vocal folds, vocal tract, and trachea and generates sound output analogous to a microphone signal. The true formant frequencies can be calculated independently of the output signal and thus provide test cases that allow for assessing the accuracy of the formant tracking algorithm. Formant analysis will also be applied to children's natural speech samples to demonstrate the method.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of Meetings on Acoustics
PublisherAcoustical Society of America
Volume23
Edition1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
Event169th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America - Pittsburgh, United States
Duration: May 18 2015May 22 2015

Other

Other169th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America
CountryUnited States
CityPittsburgh
Period5/18/155/22/15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

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    Story, B. H., & Bunton, K. E. (2015). A spectral filtering method for tracking formants in children's speech. In Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics (1 ed., Vol. 23). [060002] Acoustical Society of America. https://doi.org/10.1121/2.0000055