A study on lithium hydroxide recovery using bipolar membrane electrodialysis

Yeonchul Cho, Kihun Kim, Jaewoo Ahn, Jaeheon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Bipolar electrodialysis was used in a process of desalting a lithium sulfate solution, converting it to lithium hydroxide and sulfuric acid, and concentrating and recovering them. The effects of the experimental variables such as applied voltage, the concentration of electrode solution, the concentration of raw material solution, volume ratio, and impurity were confirmed. The optimum conditions were investigated by comparing the conversion(%) of lithium hydroxide and sulfuric acid, the process time, and energy consumption. As the applied voltage was increased, the energy consumption tended to increase, but the processing time decreased significantly. As the concentration of lithium sulfate in the raw material solution increased, the conversion(%) of lithium hydroxide decreased. As the concentration of lithium sulfate increased, the energy consumption did not increase linearly, and energy consumption increased significantly. When a raw material solution of 0.5 M Li2SO4 or more is used in the bipolar electrodialysis process, an applied voltage of 25 V is preferable. As the applied voltage increased at a constant process time, the conversion(%) of LiOH and H2SO4 increased. Regarding the effect of the electrode solution concentration, when a 5.0 wt% electrode solution was used rather than a 3.0 wt% electrode solution, energy consumption decreased by more than 10%. When the volume of the raw material solution was increased, the processing time required for desalting increased. By using a low concentration raw material solution, it was confirmed that it was simultaneously possible to recover and concentrate lithium hydroxide and sulfuric acid through volume ratio control. When the raw material solution contained Na as an impurity, it was converted to NaOH with a surface LiOH, and it was not possible to separate the lithium and sodium.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)223-232
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Korean Institute of Metals and Materials
Volume59
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2021

Keywords

  • Bipolar electrodialysis
  • EDBM
  • Lithium hydroxide
  • Lithium ion battery
  • Lithium sulfate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys

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