A surge of light at the birth of a supernova

M. C. Bersten, G. Folatelli, F. García, S. D. Van Dyk, O. G. Benvenuto, M. Orellana, V. Buso, J. L. Sánchez, M. Tanaka, K. Maeda, A. V. Filippenko, W. Zheng, T. G. Brink, S. B. Cenko, T. De Jaeger, S. Kumar, T. J. Moriya, K. Nomoto, D. A. Perley, I. ShivversNathan Smith

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19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It is difficult to establish the properties of massive stars that explode as supernovae. The electromagnetic emission during the first minutes to hours after the emergence of the shock from the stellar surface conveys important information about the final evolution and structure of the exploding star. However, the unpredictable nature of supernova events hinders the detection of this brief initial phase. Here we report the serendipitous discovery of a newly born, normal type IIb supernova (SN 2016gkg), which reveals a rapid brightening at optical wavelengths of about 40 magnitudes per day. The very frequent sampling of the observations allowed us to study in detail the outermost structure of the progenitor of the supernova and the physics of the emergence of the shock. We develop hydrodynamical models of the explosion that naturally account for the complete evolution of the supernova over distinct phases regulated by different physical processes. This result suggests that it is appropriate to decouple the treatment of the shock propagation from the unknown mechanism that triggers the explosion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)497-499
Number of pages3
JournalNature
Volume554
Issue number7693
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 21 2018

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supernovae
shock
explosions
massive stars
actuators
sampling
electromagnetism
stars
physics
propagation
wavelengths

ASJC Scopus subject areas

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Cite this

Bersten, M. C., Folatelli, G., García, F., Van Dyk, S. D., Benvenuto, O. G., Orellana, M., ... Smith, N. (2018). A surge of light at the birth of a supernova. Nature, 554(7693), 497-499. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature25151

A surge of light at the birth of a supernova. / Bersten, M. C.; Folatelli, G.; García, F.; Van Dyk, S. D.; Benvenuto, O. G.; Orellana, M.; Buso, V.; Sánchez, J. L.; Tanaka, M.; Maeda, K.; Filippenko, A. V.; Zheng, W.; Brink, T. G.; Cenko, S. B.; De Jaeger, T.; Kumar, S.; Moriya, T. J.; Nomoto, K.; Perley, D. A.; Shivvers, I.; Smith, Nathan.

In: Nature, Vol. 554, No. 7693, 21.02.2018, p. 497-499.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bersten, MC, Folatelli, G, García, F, Van Dyk, SD, Benvenuto, OG, Orellana, M, Buso, V, Sánchez, JL, Tanaka, M, Maeda, K, Filippenko, AV, Zheng, W, Brink, TG, Cenko, SB, De Jaeger, T, Kumar, S, Moriya, TJ, Nomoto, K, Perley, DA, Shivvers, I & Smith, N 2018, 'A surge of light at the birth of a supernova', Nature, vol. 554, no. 7693, pp. 497-499. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature25151
Bersten MC, Folatelli G, García F, Van Dyk SD, Benvenuto OG, Orellana M et al. A surge of light at the birth of a supernova. Nature. 2018 Feb 21;554(7693):497-499. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature25151
Bersten, M. C. ; Folatelli, G. ; García, F. ; Van Dyk, S. D. ; Benvenuto, O. G. ; Orellana, M. ; Buso, V. ; Sánchez, J. L. ; Tanaka, M. ; Maeda, K. ; Filippenko, A. V. ; Zheng, W. ; Brink, T. G. ; Cenko, S. B. ; De Jaeger, T. ; Kumar, S. ; Moriya, T. J. ; Nomoto, K. ; Perley, D. A. ; Shivvers, I. ; Smith, Nathan. / A surge of light at the birth of a supernova. In: Nature. 2018 ; Vol. 554, No. 7693. pp. 497-499.
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AU - Orellana, M.

AU - Buso, V.

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AU - Tanaka, M.

AU - Maeda, K.

AU - Filippenko, A. V.

AU - Zheng, W.

AU - Brink, T. G.

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AU - De Jaeger, T.

AU - Kumar, S.

AU - Moriya, T. J.

AU - Nomoto, K.

AU - Perley, D. A.

AU - Shivvers, I.

AU - Smith, Nathan

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