A systematic review of the effectiveness of revascularization of the ulcerated foot in patients with diabetes and peripheral arterial disease

R. J. Hinchliffe, G. Andros, J. Apelqvist, K. Bakker, S. Fiedrichs, J. Lammer, M. Lepantalo, J. L. Mills, J. Reekers, C. P. Shearman, G. Valk, R. E. Zierler, N. C. Schaper

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

148 Scopus citations

Abstract

In several large recent observational studies, peripheral arterial disease (PAD) was present in up to 50% of the patients with a diabetic foot ulcer and was an independent risk factor for amputation. The International Working Group on the Diabetic Foot therefore established a multidisciplinary working group to evaluate the effectiveness of revascularization of the ulcerated foot in patients with diabetes and PAD. A systematic search was performed for therapies to revascularize the ulcerated foot in patients with diabetes and PAD from 1980-June 2010. Only clinically relevant outcomes were assessed. The research conformed to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines, and the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network methodological scores were assigned. A total of 49 papers were eligible for full text review. There were no randomized controlled trials, but there were three nonrandomized studies with a control group. The major outcomes following endovascular or open bypass surgery were broadly similar among the studies. Following open surgery, the 1-year limb salvage rates were a median of 85% (interquartile range of 80-90%), and following endovascular revascularization, these rates were 78% (70.5-85.5%). At 1-year follow-up, 60% or more of ulcers had healed following revascularization with either open bypass surgery or endovascular revascularization. Studies appeared to demonstrate improved rates of limb salvage associated with revascularization compared with the results of medically treated patients in the literature. There were insufficient data to recommend one method of revascularization over another. There is a real need for standardized reporting of baseline demographic data, severity of disease and outcome reporting in this group of patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)179-217
Number of pages39
JournalDiabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews
Volume28
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2012

Keywords

  • Amputation
  • Diabetes
  • Diabetic foot
  • Peripheral arterial disease
  • Ulcer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

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    Hinchliffe, R. J., Andros, G., Apelqvist, J., Bakker, K., Fiedrichs, S., Lammer, J., Lepantalo, M., Mills, J. L., Reekers, J., Shearman, C. P., Valk, G., Zierler, R. E., & Schaper, N. C. (2012). A systematic review of the effectiveness of revascularization of the ulcerated foot in patients with diabetes and peripheral arterial disease. Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews, 28(SUPPL. 1), 179-217. https://doi.org/10.1002/dmrr.2249