A systematic survey for broadened CO emission toward Galactic supernova remnants

Charles D. Kilpatrick, John H Bieging, George H. Rieke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present molecular spectroscopy toward 50 Galactic supernova remnants (SNRs) taken at millimeter wavelengths in 12CO J = 2 - 1. These observations are part of a systematic survey for broad molecular line (BML) regions indicative of interactions with molecular clouds (MCs). We detected BML regions toward 19 SNRs, including 9 newly identified BML regions associated with SNRs (G08.3-0.0, G09.9-0.8, G11.2-0.3, G12.2+0.3, G18.6-0.2, G23.6+0.3, 4C-04.71, G29.6+0.1, and G32.4+0.1). The remaining 10 SNRs with BML regions confirm previous evidence for MC interaction in most cases (G16.7+0.1, Kes 75, 3C 391, Kes 79, 3C 396, 3C 397, W49B, Cas A, and IC 443), although we confirm that the BML region toward HB 3 is associated with the W3(OH) H ii region, not the SNR. Based on the systemic velocity of each MC, molecular line diagnostics, and cloud morphology, we test whether these detections represent SNR-MC interactions. One of the targets (G54.1+0.3) had previous indications of a BML region, but we did not detect broadened emission toward it. Although broadened 12CO J=2-1 line emission should be detectable toward virtually all SNR MC interactions, we find relatively few examples; therefore, the number of interactions is low. This result favors mechanisms other than supernova feedback as the basic trigger for star formation. In addition, we find no significant association between TeV gamma-ray sources and MC interactions, contrary to predictions that SNR MC interfaces are the primary venues for cosmic ray acceleration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number816
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume816
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Fingerprint

supernova remnants
molecular clouds
interactions
molecular spectroscopy
cosmic ray
supernovae
star formation
cosmic rays
spectroscopy
indication
wavelength
actuators
prediction
predictions
wavelengths

Keywords

  • ISM: molecules
  • ISM: supernova remnants
  • shock waves

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

A systematic survey for broadened CO emission toward Galactic supernova remnants. / Kilpatrick, Charles D.; Bieging, John H; Rieke, George H.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 816, No. 1, 816, 01.01.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "We present molecular spectroscopy toward 50 Galactic supernova remnants (SNRs) taken at millimeter wavelengths in 12CO J = 2 - 1. These observations are part of a systematic survey for broad molecular line (BML) regions indicative of interactions with molecular clouds (MCs). We detected BML regions toward 19 SNRs, including 9 newly identified BML regions associated with SNRs (G08.3-0.0, G09.9-0.8, G11.2-0.3, G12.2+0.3, G18.6-0.2, G23.6+0.3, 4C-04.71, G29.6+0.1, and G32.4+0.1). The remaining 10 SNRs with BML regions confirm previous evidence for MC interaction in most cases (G16.7+0.1, Kes 75, 3C 391, Kes 79, 3C 396, 3C 397, W49B, Cas A, and IC 443), although we confirm that the BML region toward HB 3 is associated with the W3(OH) H ii region, not the SNR. Based on the systemic velocity of each MC, molecular line diagnostics, and cloud morphology, we test whether these detections represent SNR-MC interactions. One of the targets (G54.1+0.3) had previous indications of a BML region, but we did not detect broadened emission toward it. Although broadened 12CO J=2-1 line emission should be detectable toward virtually all SNR MC interactions, we find relatively few examples; therefore, the number of interactions is low. This result favors mechanisms other than supernova feedback as the basic trigger for star formation. In addition, we find no significant association between TeV gamma-ray sources and MC interactions, contrary to predictions that SNR MC interfaces are the primary venues for cosmic ray acceleration.",
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