A Terminal Pleistocene/Early Holocene Environmental Record and Fluted Point from Twain Harte, California

Michael J. Moratto, Owen Davis, Shelly Davis-King, Jack Meyer, Jeffrey Rosenthal, Laurie Sylwester

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although more than 500 Clovis points have been found at no fewer than 60 locations in California, the age of these points remains problematic. Here we report stratified deposits more than 3 meters deep at a site in the central Sierra Nevada from which a Clovis point was recovered in 1969. Five radiocarbon (14C) dates provide temporal control for terminal Pleistocene and early Holocene strata at the site, including the sediments in which the point reposed. We also report the analysis of pollen samples from these strata. Our research indicates that the Clovis point most likely dates to ∼11,900–11,400 cal yr BP. We interpret this, in the context of other fluted-point discoveries, to mean that Clovis lithic technology evidently persisted longer in the Far West than it did elsewhere in the U.S.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)260-275
Number of pages16
JournalPaleoAmerica
Volume3
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 3 2017

Fingerprint

pollen
Holocene
Pleistocene
sediments
sediment
sampling
analysis
Sierra Nevada (California)

Keywords

  • California prehistory
  • Clovis chronology
  • geomorphology
  • palynology
  • terminal Pleistocene/early Holocene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Palaeontology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Cite this

A Terminal Pleistocene/Early Holocene Environmental Record and Fluted Point from Twain Harte, California. / Moratto, Michael J.; Davis, Owen; Davis-King, Shelly; Meyer, Jack; Rosenthal, Jeffrey; Sylwester, Laurie.

In: PaleoAmerica, Vol. 3, No. 3, 03.07.2017, p. 260-275.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Moratto, Michael J. ; Davis, Owen ; Davis-King, Shelly ; Meyer, Jack ; Rosenthal, Jeffrey ; Sylwester, Laurie. / A Terminal Pleistocene/Early Holocene Environmental Record and Fluted Point from Twain Harte, California. In: PaleoAmerica. 2017 ; Vol. 3, No. 3. pp. 260-275.
@article{79457451d0d64789994d159a30cc63e1,
title = "A Terminal Pleistocene/Early Holocene Environmental Record and Fluted Point from Twain Harte, California",
abstract = "Although more than 500 Clovis points have been found at no fewer than 60 locations in California, the age of these points remains problematic. Here we report stratified deposits more than 3 meters deep at a site in the central Sierra Nevada from which a Clovis point was recovered in 1969. Five radiocarbon (14C) dates provide temporal control for terminal Pleistocene and early Holocene strata at the site, including the sediments in which the point reposed. We also report the analysis of pollen samples from these strata. Our research indicates that the Clovis point most likely dates to ∼11,900–11,400 cal yr BP. We interpret this, in the context of other fluted-point discoveries, to mean that Clovis lithic technology evidently persisted longer in the Far West than it did elsewhere in the U.S.",
keywords = "California prehistory, Clovis chronology, geomorphology, palynology, terminal Pleistocene/early Holocene",
author = "Moratto, {Michael J.} and Owen Davis and Shelly Davis-King and Jack Meyer and Jeffrey Rosenthal and Laurie Sylwester",
year = "2017",
month = "7",
day = "3",
doi = "10.1080/20555563.2017.1328959",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "3",
pages = "260--275",
journal = "PaleoAmerica",
issn = "2055-5563",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Terminal Pleistocene/Early Holocene Environmental Record and Fluted Point from Twain Harte, California

AU - Moratto, Michael J.

AU - Davis, Owen

AU - Davis-King, Shelly

AU - Meyer, Jack

AU - Rosenthal, Jeffrey

AU - Sylwester, Laurie

PY - 2017/7/3

Y1 - 2017/7/3

N2 - Although more than 500 Clovis points have been found at no fewer than 60 locations in California, the age of these points remains problematic. Here we report stratified deposits more than 3 meters deep at a site in the central Sierra Nevada from which a Clovis point was recovered in 1969. Five radiocarbon (14C) dates provide temporal control for terminal Pleistocene and early Holocene strata at the site, including the sediments in which the point reposed. We also report the analysis of pollen samples from these strata. Our research indicates that the Clovis point most likely dates to ∼11,900–11,400 cal yr BP. We interpret this, in the context of other fluted-point discoveries, to mean that Clovis lithic technology evidently persisted longer in the Far West than it did elsewhere in the U.S.

AB - Although more than 500 Clovis points have been found at no fewer than 60 locations in California, the age of these points remains problematic. Here we report stratified deposits more than 3 meters deep at a site in the central Sierra Nevada from which a Clovis point was recovered in 1969. Five radiocarbon (14C) dates provide temporal control for terminal Pleistocene and early Holocene strata at the site, including the sediments in which the point reposed. We also report the analysis of pollen samples from these strata. Our research indicates that the Clovis point most likely dates to ∼11,900–11,400 cal yr BP. We interpret this, in the context of other fluted-point discoveries, to mean that Clovis lithic technology evidently persisted longer in the Far West than it did elsewhere in the U.S.

KW - California prehistory

KW - Clovis chronology

KW - geomorphology

KW - palynology

KW - terminal Pleistocene/early Holocene

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85050767113&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85050767113&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/20555563.2017.1328959

DO - 10.1080/20555563.2017.1328959

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85050767113

VL - 3

SP - 260

EP - 275

JO - PaleoAmerica

JF - PaleoAmerica

SN - 2055-5563

IS - 3

ER -