Density functional theory calculations have been employed to study the interaction between the Zn2+ ion and some standard amino acid models. The highest affinities towards the Zn2+ ion are predicted for serine, cysteine, and histidine. Relatively high affinities are reported also for proline and glutamate/aspartate residues. It was found that the zinc complexes with cysteine adopt a tetrahedral conformation. Conversely, complexes with one or two histidine moieties remain in an octahedral geometry, while those with three or more histidine groups adopt a square-planar geometry.
- Amino acids
- Density functional theory
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)