A thermal and acid treatment for carbon extraction from cast iron and its application to AMS dating of cast iron objects from ancient Korea

J. S. Park, G. S. Burr, A.J. Timothy Jull

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A method of thermal and acid treatments was developed at the Archaeo-metallurgy Laboratory of Hongik University in Korea to extract carbon from cast iron, and carbon objects thus prepared from cast iron artifacts of ancient Korea were dated at the University of Arizona's AMS Facility. The thermal treatments consist of heating a specimen to ~1000 °C in a controlled environment with reduced oxygen potential, then cooling it rapidly to room temperature. The heating causes the cementite phase in white cast iron to be graphitized and the quenching suppresses pearlite formation. The specimen then consists of flakes of graphite embedded in a matrix of martensite. The next stage of the treatment is to dissolve the martensite matrix in a solution of nitric and hydrochloric acids to release the graphite as a powder. This material is then cleaned, dried, and pressed into target holders for accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) analysis. The method was applied to a collection of artifacts from the Korean Three Kingdoms period (about AD 300-668) and the AMS results were compared with chronological estimates from other means.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1312-1321
Number of pages10
JournalRadiocarbon
Volume52
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 2010

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accelerator mass spectrometry
iron
graphite
artifact
acid
carbon
heating
matrix
hydrochloric acid
metallurgy
nitric acid
cooling
oxygen
dating
Accelerator Mass Spectrometry
Cast Iron
Carbon
Korea
temperature
method

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

A thermal and acid treatment for carbon extraction from cast iron and its application to AMS dating of cast iron objects from ancient Korea. / Park, J. S.; Burr, G. S.; Jull, A.J. Timothy.

In: Radiocarbon, Vol. 52, No. 3, 08.2010, p. 1312-1321.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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