A two-band approach to nλ phase error corrections with LBTI's PHASECam

E. R. Maier, P. M. Hinz, D. Defrère, S. Ertel, E. Downey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

PHASECam is the Large Binocular Telescope Interferometer's (LBTI) phase sensor, a near-infrared camera which is used to measure tip/tilt and phase variations between the two AO-corrected apertures of the Large Binocular Telescope (LBT). Tip/tilt and phase sensing are currently performed in the H (1.65 μm) and K (2.2 μm) bands at 1 kHz, and the K band phase telemetry is used to send tip/tilt and Optical Path Difference (OPD) corrections to the system. However, phase variations outside the range [-π, π] are not sensed, and thus are not fully corrected during closed-loop operation. PHASECam's phase unwrapping algorithm, which attempts to mitigate this issue, still occasionally fails in the case of fast, large phase variations. This can cause a fringe jump, in which case the unwrapped phase will be incorrect by a wavelength or more. This can currently be manually corrected by the observer, but this is inefficient. A more reliable and automated solution is desired, especially as the LBTI begins to commission further modes which require robust, active phase control, including controlled multi-axial (Fizeau) interferometry and dual-aperture non-redundant aperture masking interferometry. We present a multi-wavelength method of fringe jump capture and correction which involves direct comparison between the K band and currently unused H band phase telemetry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalUnknown Journal
StatePublished - Jul 12 2018

Keywords

  • Fizeau imaging
  • Fringe tracking
  • Infrared interferometry
  • LBT
  • Nulling interferometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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