The Painlevé test for partial differential equations developed by Weiss, Tabor and Carnevale (WTC) is examined in detail and shown to provide a unified approach to the integrable properties of both ordinary and partial differential equations. A simple modification of the WTC procedure used for partial differential equations enables us to determine the Lax pairs, Hirota equations and auto-Bäcklund transformations for ordinary differential equations, including a new Lax pair for an integrable case of the Henon-Heiles system. A detailed study of the KdV hierarchy is made and a complete picture of the pattern of resonances for all solution branches is obtained. The role of the singular branches is examined in detail and important new insights obtained. In particular we find that each singular branch is simply a re-expansion of the principal branch about a point on the pole manifold at which several isolated poles coalesce. A parallel analysis is carried out for the AKNS hierarchy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Mathematical Physics
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Applied Mathematics