Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) degrade extracellular matrix proteins, and there is evidence that they play a role in tumor cell growth, invasion and metastasis. Matrilysin (MMP-7) is over-expressed in prostate cancer cells and increases prostate cancer cell invasion. Prostate stromal fibroblasts secrete a factor(s), including fibroblast growth factor-I (FGF-I), which induces promatrilysin expression in the prostate carcinoma cell line LNCaP but not in normal prostate epithelial cells (PrECs). Since FGF-I is present in the prostate, an altered sensitivity to FGF-I might explain the up regulation of matrilysin expression in prostate cancer cells compared to normal prostate epithelium. FGF receptor-I (FGFR-I) is not normally expressed by normal prostate epithelial cells; however, aberrant expression of this receptor has been reported in prostate cancer cells, including the LNCaP cell line. We hypothesized that aberrant expression of FGFR-I in PrECs would render them sensitive to induction of promatrilysin expression by recombinant FGF-I. To test this hypothesis, we transiently transfected PrECs with an FGFR-I expression vector, which resulted in over-expression of FGFR-I protein in approximately 40% of cells. FGF-I increased promatrilysin expression in FGFR-I-transfected PrECs 4-fold over mock-transfected cells, and this induction was inhibited by a specific FGFR-I inhibitor, SU5402, and by co-expression of a dominant negative FGFR-I protein. Our results demonstrate that aberrant FGFR-I expression, an epigenetic phenomenon that has been associated with prostate cancer progression, allows induction of promatrilysin expression by FGF-I in PrECs.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||International Journal of Cancer|
|State||Published - Jan 15 2001|
- Fibroblast growth factor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research