Absence of lexical and orthographic effects in a same-different task

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two experiments are reported that investigate whether the lexical and orthographic effects typically found in a simultaneous matching task are due to the facilitating effect of linguistic context on letter identification. The first experiment used a delayed matching task (2-sec SOA), with serial incremental display of the letters of the second stimulus (e.g., B, BR, BRA, BRAI, BRAIN). Lexical and orthographic effects were clearly demonstrated when the letters of the second stimulus were displayed rapidly (40 msec/letter), but these effects were absent at a slower speed (400 msec/letter). The same results were obtained in a second experiment, in which the letters of both stimuli were synchronously presented at either the fast rate or the slow rate. These results were interpreted in terms of a multilevel race model that assumes no interaction between levels of processing and attributes the effects to differing degrees of decision-processing lag.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)210-215
Number of pages6
JournalMemory and Cognition
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1980
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Linguistics
Letters
Orthographic
Stimulus
Experiment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Absence of lexical and orthographic effects in a same-different task. / Forster, Kenneth I.

In: Memory and Cognition, Vol. 8, No. 3, 05.1980, p. 210-215.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{bf56ab817daf401ba56d23e76b80aefa,
title = "Absence of lexical and orthographic effects in a same-different task",
abstract = "Two experiments are reported that investigate whether the lexical and orthographic effects typically found in a simultaneous matching task are due to the facilitating effect of linguistic context on letter identification. The first experiment used a delayed matching task (2-sec SOA), with serial incremental display of the letters of the second stimulus (e.g., B, BR, BRA, BRAI, BRAIN). Lexical and orthographic effects were clearly demonstrated when the letters of the second stimulus were displayed rapidly (40 msec/letter), but these effects were absent at a slower speed (400 msec/letter). The same results were obtained in a second experiment, in which the letters of both stimuli were synchronously presented at either the fast rate or the slow rate. These results were interpreted in terms of a multilevel race model that assumes no interaction between levels of processing and attributes the effects to differing degrees of decision-processing lag.",
author = "Forster, {Kenneth I}",
year = "1980",
month = "5",
doi = "10.3758/BF03197608",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "8",
pages = "210--215",
journal = "Memory and Cognition",
issn = "0090-502X",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Absence of lexical and orthographic effects in a same-different task

AU - Forster, Kenneth I

PY - 1980/5

Y1 - 1980/5

N2 - Two experiments are reported that investigate whether the lexical and orthographic effects typically found in a simultaneous matching task are due to the facilitating effect of linguistic context on letter identification. The first experiment used a delayed matching task (2-sec SOA), with serial incremental display of the letters of the second stimulus (e.g., B, BR, BRA, BRAI, BRAIN). Lexical and orthographic effects were clearly demonstrated when the letters of the second stimulus were displayed rapidly (40 msec/letter), but these effects were absent at a slower speed (400 msec/letter). The same results were obtained in a second experiment, in which the letters of both stimuli were synchronously presented at either the fast rate or the slow rate. These results were interpreted in terms of a multilevel race model that assumes no interaction between levels of processing and attributes the effects to differing degrees of decision-processing lag.

AB - Two experiments are reported that investigate whether the lexical and orthographic effects typically found in a simultaneous matching task are due to the facilitating effect of linguistic context on letter identification. The first experiment used a delayed matching task (2-sec SOA), with serial incremental display of the letters of the second stimulus (e.g., B, BR, BRA, BRAI, BRAIN). Lexical and orthographic effects were clearly demonstrated when the letters of the second stimulus were displayed rapidly (40 msec/letter), but these effects were absent at a slower speed (400 msec/letter). The same results were obtained in a second experiment, in which the letters of both stimuli were synchronously presented at either the fast rate or the slow rate. These results were interpreted in terms of a multilevel race model that assumes no interaction between levels of processing and attributes the effects to differing degrees of decision-processing lag.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0019016135&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0019016135&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3758/BF03197608

DO - 10.3758/BF03197608

M3 - Article

VL - 8

SP - 210

EP - 215

JO - Memory and Cognition

JF - Memory and Cognition

SN - 0090-502X

IS - 3

ER -