Absorbed fractions for α-particles in tissues of trabecular bone: Considerations of marrow cellularity within the ICRP reference male

Christopher J Watchman, Derek W. Jokisch, Phillip W. Patton, Didier A. Rajon, George Sgouros, Wesley E. Bolch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

α-Particles are of current interest in radionuclide therapy due to their short range and high rates of energy transfer to target tissues. Published values of α-particle absorbed fraction Φ in the skeletal tissues, as needed for patient-specific dosimetry under the MIRD schema, do not generally account for its variation with particle energy or skeletal site. Furthermore, variations in α-particle absorbed fraction with marrow cellularity have yet to be fully considered. Methods: In this study, a 3-dimensional (3D) chord-based radiation transport model (or 3D-CBIST) is presented, which combines (a) chord-based techniques for tracking α-particles across bone trabeculae, endosteum, and marrow cavities and (b) a spatial model of the marrow tissues that explicitly considers the presence of marrow adipocytes. Chord-length distributions are taken from a 44-y male subject (ICRP [International Commission on Radiological Protection] Reference Male) and are identical to those used currently for clinical dose estimates for β-particle emitters. Results: Values of Φ(active marrows←active marrow) given by the 3D-CBIST model are shown to be considerably lower than Φ = 1.0 assumed under the ICRP Publication 30 and 2003 Eckerman bone models. For example, values of absorbed fraction for the self-dose to active bone marrow in the ribs, cervical vertebra, and parietal bone are 0.81, 0.80, and 0.55 for 6-MeV α-particles and are 0.74, 0.72, and 0.43 for 9-MeV α-particles, where each is evaluated at ICRP reference cellularities in the 3D-CBIST model (72%, 72%, and 42%, respectively, at age 25 y). Conclusion: Improvements in patient-specific dosimetry of skeletal tissues require explicit consideration of not only changes in target mass with variable patient marrow cellularity (i.e., active marrow) but also corresponding changes in values of the absorbed fraction. The data given in this study provide a more-firm basis for application of the MIRD schema to patient-specific dosimetry for newly developing therapies using α-particle emitters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1171-1185
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Nuclear Medicine
Volume46
Issue number7
StatePublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Bone Marrow
Parietal Bone
Cervical Vertebrae
Bone and Bones
Cancellous Bone
Energy Transfer
Ribs
Adipocytes
Radioisotopes
Publications
Radiation
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • α-particles
  • Absorbed fraction
  • Bone dosimetry
  • Marrow cellularity
  • Radionuclide therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Cite this

Absorbed fractions for α-particles in tissues of trabecular bone : Considerations of marrow cellularity within the ICRP reference male. / Watchman, Christopher J; Jokisch, Derek W.; Patton, Phillip W.; Rajon, Didier A.; Sgouros, George; Bolch, Wesley E.

In: Journal of Nuclear Medicine, Vol. 46, No. 7, 2005, p. 1171-1185.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Watchman, Christopher J ; Jokisch, Derek W. ; Patton, Phillip W. ; Rajon, Didier A. ; Sgouros, George ; Bolch, Wesley E. / Absorbed fractions for α-particles in tissues of trabecular bone : Considerations of marrow cellularity within the ICRP reference male. In: Journal of Nuclear Medicine. 2005 ; Vol. 46, No. 7. pp. 1171-1185.
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abstract = "α-Particles are of current interest in radionuclide therapy due to their short range and high rates of energy transfer to target tissues. Published values of α-particle absorbed fraction Φ in the skeletal tissues, as needed for patient-specific dosimetry under the MIRD schema, do not generally account for its variation with particle energy or skeletal site. Furthermore, variations in α-particle absorbed fraction with marrow cellularity have yet to be fully considered. Methods: In this study, a 3-dimensional (3D) chord-based radiation transport model (or 3D-CBIST) is presented, which combines (a) chord-based techniques for tracking α-particles across bone trabeculae, endosteum, and marrow cavities and (b) a spatial model of the marrow tissues that explicitly considers the presence of marrow adipocytes. Chord-length distributions are taken from a 44-y male subject (ICRP [International Commission on Radiological Protection] Reference Male) and are identical to those used currently for clinical dose estimates for β-particle emitters. Results: Values of Φ(active marrows←active marrow) given by the 3D-CBIST model are shown to be considerably lower than Φ = 1.0 assumed under the ICRP Publication 30 and 2003 Eckerman bone models. For example, values of absorbed fraction for the self-dose to active bone marrow in the ribs, cervical vertebra, and parietal bone are 0.81, 0.80, and 0.55 for 6-MeV α-particles and are 0.74, 0.72, and 0.43 for 9-MeV α-particles, where each is evaluated at ICRP reference cellularities in the 3D-CBIST model (72{\%}, 72{\%}, and 42{\%}, respectively, at age 25 y). Conclusion: Improvements in patient-specific dosimetry of skeletal tissues require explicit consideration of not only changes in target mass with variable patient marrow cellularity (i.e., active marrow) but also corresponding changes in values of the absorbed fraction. The data given in this study provide a more-firm basis for application of the MIRD schema to patient-specific dosimetry for newly developing therapies using α-particle emitters.",
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T2 - Considerations of marrow cellularity within the ICRP reference male

AU - Watchman, Christopher J

AU - Jokisch, Derek W.

AU - Patton, Phillip W.

AU - Rajon, Didier A.

AU - Sgouros, George

AU - Bolch, Wesley E.

PY - 2005

Y1 - 2005

N2 - α-Particles are of current interest in radionuclide therapy due to their short range and high rates of energy transfer to target tissues. Published values of α-particle absorbed fraction Φ in the skeletal tissues, as needed for patient-specific dosimetry under the MIRD schema, do not generally account for its variation with particle energy or skeletal site. Furthermore, variations in α-particle absorbed fraction with marrow cellularity have yet to be fully considered. Methods: In this study, a 3-dimensional (3D) chord-based radiation transport model (or 3D-CBIST) is presented, which combines (a) chord-based techniques for tracking α-particles across bone trabeculae, endosteum, and marrow cavities and (b) a spatial model of the marrow tissues that explicitly considers the presence of marrow adipocytes. Chord-length distributions are taken from a 44-y male subject (ICRP [International Commission on Radiological Protection] Reference Male) and are identical to those used currently for clinical dose estimates for β-particle emitters. Results: Values of Φ(active marrows←active marrow) given by the 3D-CBIST model are shown to be considerably lower than Φ = 1.0 assumed under the ICRP Publication 30 and 2003 Eckerman bone models. For example, values of absorbed fraction for the self-dose to active bone marrow in the ribs, cervical vertebra, and parietal bone are 0.81, 0.80, and 0.55 for 6-MeV α-particles and are 0.74, 0.72, and 0.43 for 9-MeV α-particles, where each is evaluated at ICRP reference cellularities in the 3D-CBIST model (72%, 72%, and 42%, respectively, at age 25 y). Conclusion: Improvements in patient-specific dosimetry of skeletal tissues require explicit consideration of not only changes in target mass with variable patient marrow cellularity (i.e., active marrow) but also corresponding changes in values of the absorbed fraction. The data given in this study provide a more-firm basis for application of the MIRD schema to patient-specific dosimetry for newly developing therapies using α-particle emitters.

AB - α-Particles are of current interest in radionuclide therapy due to their short range and high rates of energy transfer to target tissues. Published values of α-particle absorbed fraction Φ in the skeletal tissues, as needed for patient-specific dosimetry under the MIRD schema, do not generally account for its variation with particle energy or skeletal site. Furthermore, variations in α-particle absorbed fraction with marrow cellularity have yet to be fully considered. Methods: In this study, a 3-dimensional (3D) chord-based radiation transport model (or 3D-CBIST) is presented, which combines (a) chord-based techniques for tracking α-particles across bone trabeculae, endosteum, and marrow cavities and (b) a spatial model of the marrow tissues that explicitly considers the presence of marrow adipocytes. Chord-length distributions are taken from a 44-y male subject (ICRP [International Commission on Radiological Protection] Reference Male) and are identical to those used currently for clinical dose estimates for β-particle emitters. Results: Values of Φ(active marrows←active marrow) given by the 3D-CBIST model are shown to be considerably lower than Φ = 1.0 assumed under the ICRP Publication 30 and 2003 Eckerman bone models. For example, values of absorbed fraction for the self-dose to active bone marrow in the ribs, cervical vertebra, and parietal bone are 0.81, 0.80, and 0.55 for 6-MeV α-particles and are 0.74, 0.72, and 0.43 for 9-MeV α-particles, where each is evaluated at ICRP reference cellularities in the 3D-CBIST model (72%, 72%, and 42%, respectively, at age 25 y). Conclusion: Improvements in patient-specific dosimetry of skeletal tissues require explicit consideration of not only changes in target mass with variable patient marrow cellularity (i.e., active marrow) but also corresponding changes in values of the absorbed fraction. The data given in this study provide a more-firm basis for application of the MIRD schema to patient-specific dosimetry for newly developing therapies using α-particle emitters.

KW - α-particles

KW - Absorbed fraction

KW - Bone dosimetry

KW - Marrow cellularity

KW - Radionuclide therapy

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