TY - GEN

T1 - Achieving quasi-isothermal air compression with multistage compressors for large-scale energy storage

AU - Wang, Kai

AU - Li, Peiwen

AU - Arabyan, Ara

PY - 2013/12/1

Y1 - 2013/12/1

N2 - The round trip efficiency of compressed air for energy storage is greatly limited by the significant increase in the temperature of the compressed air (and the resulting heat loss) in high-ratio adiabatic compression. This paper introduces a multi-stage compression scheme with low-compression-ratio compressors and inter-compressor natural convection cooling resulting in a quasi-isothermal compression process that can be useful for large-scale energy storage. When many low pressure ratio compressors work inline, a high overall compression ratio can be achieved with high efficiency. The quasi-isothermally compressed air can then be expanded adiabatically in turbines to generate power with the addition of thermal energy, from either fuel or a solar thermal source. This paper presents mathematical models of such an energy storage system and discusses its round-trip performance with different operating schemes.

AB - The round trip efficiency of compressed air for energy storage is greatly limited by the significant increase in the temperature of the compressed air (and the resulting heat loss) in high-ratio adiabatic compression. This paper introduces a multi-stage compression scheme with low-compression-ratio compressors and inter-compressor natural convection cooling resulting in a quasi-isothermal compression process that can be useful for large-scale energy storage. When many low pressure ratio compressors work inline, a high overall compression ratio can be achieved with high efficiency. The quasi-isothermally compressed air can then be expanded adiabatically in turbines to generate power with the addition of thermal energy, from either fuel or a solar thermal source. This paper presents mathematical models of such an energy storage system and discusses its round-trip performance with different operating schemes.

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U2 - 10.1115/ES2013-18008

DO - 10.1115/ES2013-18008

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:84892958534

SN - 9780791855515

T3 - ASME 2013 7th Int. Conf. on Energy Sustainability Collocated with the ASME 2013 Heat Transfer Summer Conf. and the ASME 2013 11th Int. Conf. on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, ES 2013

BT - ASME 2013 7th Int. Conf. on Energy Sustainability Collocated with the ASME 2013 Heat Transfer Summer Conf. and the ASME 2013 11th Int. Conf. on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, ES 2013

T2 - ASME 2013 7th International Conference on Energy Sustainability, ES 2013 Collocated with the ASME 2013 Heat Transfer Summer Conference and the ASME 2013 11th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology

Y2 - 14 July 2013 through 19 July 2013

ER -