Achieving substantial changes in eating behavior among women previously treated for breast cancer - An overview of the intervention

Vicky A. Newman, Cynthia Thomson, Cheryl L. Rock, Shirley W. Flatt, Sheila Kealey, Wayne A. Bardwell, Bette J. Caan, John P. Pierce

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

63 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To describe the intervention in a clinical trial examining the effect of a plant-based diet on breast cancer recurrence. To report baseline to 12-month dietary change and investigate whether cooking-class attendance influenced adherence to the study's dietary targets. Design: A descriptive analysis of baseline and 12-month dietary intake data and other variables from a subcohort of participants in the Women's Healthy Eating and Living Study. Subjects/Setting: Seven hundred thirty-nine women (primarily non-Hispanic white and well educated) who had been treated for early stage breast cancer. All were intervention group participants and had adhered to the Women's Healthy Eating and Living Study counseling and dietary assessment protocols. Mean age at study entry was 54 years, and mean body mass index was 26.7. Intervention: Telephone counseling, complemented by an orientation meeting, cooking classes, and newsletters. Main Outcome Measures: The change in intake of vegetables, vegetable juice, fruit, fiber, and fat between baseline and 12 months is reported, and the association between cooking classes attended and overall dietary adherence is examined. Statistical Analyses Performed: Mean intake for vegetables, vegetable juice, fruit, fiber, and fat were calculated. Percentage of women meeting select Healthy People 2010 objectives were tabulated. Results: Total daily vegetable, vegetable juice, fruit, and fiber intake increased significantly (P<.01), while fat decreased significantly (P<.01). The percentage of women meeting the Healthy People 2010 fruit and vegetable objectives increased substantially. Overall dietary adherence was associated with increased cooking-class attendance (P for trend <.01). Conclusions: A multimodal approach to dietary modification, based largely on individualized telephone counseling, can substantially change the overall dietary pattern of women previously treated for breast cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)382-391
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Dietetic Association
Volume105
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2005

Fingerprint

Feeding Behavior
eating habits
breast neoplasms
Cooking
Breast Neoplasms
vegetable juices
Vegetables
counseling
cooking
Healthy People Programs
Counseling
fruits
dietary fiber
healthy diet
Fats
vegetable consumption
Telephone
lipids
vegetables
plant-based diet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Achieving substantial changes in eating behavior among women previously treated for breast cancer - An overview of the intervention. / Newman, Vicky A.; Thomson, Cynthia; Rock, Cheryl L.; Flatt, Shirley W.; Kealey, Sheila; Bardwell, Wayne A.; Caan, Bette J.; Pierce, John P.

In: Journal of the American Dietetic Association, Vol. 105, No. 3, 03.2005, p. 382-391.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Newman, Vicky A. ; Thomson, Cynthia ; Rock, Cheryl L. ; Flatt, Shirley W. ; Kealey, Sheila ; Bardwell, Wayne A. ; Caan, Bette J. ; Pierce, John P. / Achieving substantial changes in eating behavior among women previously treated for breast cancer - An overview of the intervention. In: Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 2005 ; Vol. 105, No. 3. pp. 382-391.
@article{f0b2d7499ce548eaaffcea7f011a0272,
title = "Achieving substantial changes in eating behavior among women previously treated for breast cancer - An overview of the intervention",
abstract = "Objective: To describe the intervention in a clinical trial examining the effect of a plant-based diet on breast cancer recurrence. To report baseline to 12-month dietary change and investigate whether cooking-class attendance influenced adherence to the study's dietary targets. Design: A descriptive analysis of baseline and 12-month dietary intake data and other variables from a subcohort of participants in the Women's Healthy Eating and Living Study. Subjects/Setting: Seven hundred thirty-nine women (primarily non-Hispanic white and well educated) who had been treated for early stage breast cancer. All were intervention group participants and had adhered to the Women's Healthy Eating and Living Study counseling and dietary assessment protocols. Mean age at study entry was 54 years, and mean body mass index was 26.7. Intervention: Telephone counseling, complemented by an orientation meeting, cooking classes, and newsletters. Main Outcome Measures: The change in intake of vegetables, vegetable juice, fruit, fiber, and fat between baseline and 12 months is reported, and the association between cooking classes attended and overall dietary adherence is examined. Statistical Analyses Performed: Mean intake for vegetables, vegetable juice, fruit, fiber, and fat were calculated. Percentage of women meeting select Healthy People 2010 objectives were tabulated. Results: Total daily vegetable, vegetable juice, fruit, and fiber intake increased significantly (P<.01), while fat decreased significantly (P<.01). The percentage of women meeting the Healthy People 2010 fruit and vegetable objectives increased substantially. Overall dietary adherence was associated with increased cooking-class attendance (P for trend <.01). Conclusions: A multimodal approach to dietary modification, based largely on individualized telephone counseling, can substantially change the overall dietary pattern of women previously treated for breast cancer.",
author = "Newman, {Vicky A.} and Cynthia Thomson and Rock, {Cheryl L.} and Flatt, {Shirley W.} and Sheila Kealey and Bardwell, {Wayne A.} and Caan, {Bette J.} and Pierce, {John P.}",
year = "2005",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1016/j.jada.2004.12.008",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "105",
pages = "382--391",
journal = "Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics",
issn = "2212-2672",
publisher = "Elsevier USA",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Achieving substantial changes in eating behavior among women previously treated for breast cancer - An overview of the intervention

AU - Newman, Vicky A.

AU - Thomson, Cynthia

AU - Rock, Cheryl L.

AU - Flatt, Shirley W.

AU - Kealey, Sheila

AU - Bardwell, Wayne A.

AU - Caan, Bette J.

AU - Pierce, John P.

PY - 2005/3

Y1 - 2005/3

N2 - Objective: To describe the intervention in a clinical trial examining the effect of a plant-based diet on breast cancer recurrence. To report baseline to 12-month dietary change and investigate whether cooking-class attendance influenced adherence to the study's dietary targets. Design: A descriptive analysis of baseline and 12-month dietary intake data and other variables from a subcohort of participants in the Women's Healthy Eating and Living Study. Subjects/Setting: Seven hundred thirty-nine women (primarily non-Hispanic white and well educated) who had been treated for early stage breast cancer. All were intervention group participants and had adhered to the Women's Healthy Eating and Living Study counseling and dietary assessment protocols. Mean age at study entry was 54 years, and mean body mass index was 26.7. Intervention: Telephone counseling, complemented by an orientation meeting, cooking classes, and newsletters. Main Outcome Measures: The change in intake of vegetables, vegetable juice, fruit, fiber, and fat between baseline and 12 months is reported, and the association between cooking classes attended and overall dietary adherence is examined. Statistical Analyses Performed: Mean intake for vegetables, vegetable juice, fruit, fiber, and fat were calculated. Percentage of women meeting select Healthy People 2010 objectives were tabulated. Results: Total daily vegetable, vegetable juice, fruit, and fiber intake increased significantly (P<.01), while fat decreased significantly (P<.01). The percentage of women meeting the Healthy People 2010 fruit and vegetable objectives increased substantially. Overall dietary adherence was associated with increased cooking-class attendance (P for trend <.01). Conclusions: A multimodal approach to dietary modification, based largely on individualized telephone counseling, can substantially change the overall dietary pattern of women previously treated for breast cancer.

AB - Objective: To describe the intervention in a clinical trial examining the effect of a plant-based diet on breast cancer recurrence. To report baseline to 12-month dietary change and investigate whether cooking-class attendance influenced adherence to the study's dietary targets. Design: A descriptive analysis of baseline and 12-month dietary intake data and other variables from a subcohort of participants in the Women's Healthy Eating and Living Study. Subjects/Setting: Seven hundred thirty-nine women (primarily non-Hispanic white and well educated) who had been treated for early stage breast cancer. All were intervention group participants and had adhered to the Women's Healthy Eating and Living Study counseling and dietary assessment protocols. Mean age at study entry was 54 years, and mean body mass index was 26.7. Intervention: Telephone counseling, complemented by an orientation meeting, cooking classes, and newsletters. Main Outcome Measures: The change in intake of vegetables, vegetable juice, fruit, fiber, and fat between baseline and 12 months is reported, and the association between cooking classes attended and overall dietary adherence is examined. Statistical Analyses Performed: Mean intake for vegetables, vegetable juice, fruit, fiber, and fat were calculated. Percentage of women meeting select Healthy People 2010 objectives were tabulated. Results: Total daily vegetable, vegetable juice, fruit, and fiber intake increased significantly (P<.01), while fat decreased significantly (P<.01). The percentage of women meeting the Healthy People 2010 fruit and vegetable objectives increased substantially. Overall dietary adherence was associated with increased cooking-class attendance (P for trend <.01). Conclusions: A multimodal approach to dietary modification, based largely on individualized telephone counseling, can substantially change the overall dietary pattern of women previously treated for breast cancer.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=14744279907&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=14744279907&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jada.2004.12.008

DO - 10.1016/j.jada.2004.12.008

M3 - Article

C2 - 15746825

AN - SCOPUS:14744279907

VL - 105

SP - 382

EP - 391

JO - Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics

JF - Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics

SN - 2212-2672

IS - 3

ER -