Activation of endothelial cell phospholipase D by hydrogen peroxide and fatty acid hydroperoxide

V. Natarajan, M. M. Taher, B. Roehm, N. L. Parinandi, H. H.O. Schmid, Z. Kiss, J. G.N. Garcia

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Abstract

We have investigated oxidant-mediated stimulation of phospholipase D (PLD) activity in bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cells (BPAEC), prelabeled with [32P]orthophosphate or [32P]lysophospholipids. Treatment of cells incubated in Hanks' balanced salt solution (HBSS) containing 0.5% ethanol with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) or linoleic acid hydroperoxide (18:2-OOH) enhanced the formation of 32P-labeled phosphatidylethanol (PEt) and phosphatidic acid (PA) in a dose- and time-dependent manner, indicating the activation of PLD. The H2O2- and 18:2-OOH-mediated PLD activation was not associated with cytotoxicity as determined by [3H]deoxyglucose release. The addition of ferrous chloride (50 μM) augmented H2O2-induced formation of [32P]PEt and [32P]PA about 2-fold, whereas the addition of the iron chelator desferoxamine blocked the potentiating effect of ferrous chloride. Replacement of the HBSS medium with Medium 199 containing 20% calf serum also potentiated the effect of H2O2-induced PLD activation. In addition to phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), and phosphatidylinositol (PI) were readily hydrolyzed by PLD in response to H2O2 and 18:2-OOH treatment. The substrate specificity for oxidant- stimulated PLD activity differed from that observed in the presence of bradykinin or exhibited by agonist stimulation with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA) where PC was the major phospholipid hydrolyzed by PLD. The formation of PEt in the presence of H2O2 and 18:2-OOH was not abolished by chelation of either extracellular Ca2+ with EGTA (5 mM) or intracellular Ca2+ with 1,2-bis-(2-aminophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N,N-tetraacetic acid- acetoxymethyl ester (BAPTA-AM) (25 μM, 30 min). Furthermore, pretreatment of BPAEC with the protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor staurosporine and down- regulation of PKC by chronic TPA treatment (100 nM, 18 hr) had no effect on H2O2-induced PLD activation, suggesting that PLD activation by H2O2 is independent of PKC activity. It is possible that H2O2- and 18:2-OOH- induced activation of PLD represents an important mechanism to produce PA and diacylglycerol in endothelial cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)930-937
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume268
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1993
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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    Natarajan, V., Taher, M. M., Roehm, B., Parinandi, N. L., Schmid, H. H. O., Kiss, Z., & Garcia, J. G. N. (1993). Activation of endothelial cell phospholipase D by hydrogen peroxide and fatty acid hydroperoxide. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 268(2), 930-937.