Acute cardiopulmonary failure from sleep-disordered breathing

Gordon E. Carr, Babak Mokhlesi, Brian K. Gehlbach

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) comprises a diverse set of disorders marked by abnormal respiration during sleep. Clinicians should realize that SDB may present as acute cardiopulmonary failure in susceptible patients. In this review, we discuss three clinical phenotypes of acute cardiopulmonary failure from SDB: acute ventilatory failure, acute congestive heart failure, and sudden death. We review the pathophysiologic mechanisms and recommend general principles for management. Timely recognition of, and therapy for, SDB in the setting of acute cardiopulmonary failure may improve short- and long-term outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)798-808
Number of pages11
JournalCHEST
Volume141
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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