Acute partial sleep deprivation due to environmental noise increases weight gain by reducing energy expenditure in rodents

Jennifer B. Parrish, Jennifer A. Teske

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

  • 2 Citations

Abstract

Objective: Chronic partial sleep deprivation (SD) by environmental noise exposure increases weight gain and feeding in rodents, which contrasts weight loss after acute SD by physical methods. This study tested whether acute environmental noise exposure reduced sleep and its effect on weight gain, food intake, physical activity, and energy expenditure (EE). It was hypothesized that acute exposure would (1) increase weight gain and feeding and (2) reduce sleep, physical activity, and EE (total and individual components); and (3) behavioral changes would persist throughout recovery from SD. Methods: Three-month old male Sprague-Dawley rats slept ad libitum, were noise exposed (12-h light cycle), and allowed to recover (36 h). Weight gain, food intake, sleep/wake, physical activity, and EE were measured. Results: Acute environmental noise exposure had no effect on feeding, increased weight gain (P < 0.01), and reduced sleep (P < 0.02), physical activity (P < 0.03), total EE (P < 0.05), and several components (P < 0.05). Reductions in EE and physical activity persisted during recovery. Conclusions: Reductions in EE during sleep, rest, and physical activity reduce total EE and contribute to weight gain during acute SD and recovery from SD. These data emphasize the importance of increasing physical activity after SD to prevent obesity.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages141-146
Number of pages6
JournalObesity
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Fingerprint

Sleep Deprivation
Energy Metabolism
Weight Gain
Noise
Rodentia
Sleep
Environmental Exposure
Eating
Photoperiod
Sprague Dawley Rats
Weight Loss
Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Acute partial sleep deprivation due to environmental noise increases weight gain by reducing energy expenditure in rodents. / Parrish, Jennifer B.; Teske, Jennifer A.

In: Obesity, Vol. 25, No. 1, 01.01.2017, p. 141-146.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

@article{6b8fb7f3d0d94fa2a634602ce790c59c,
title = "Acute partial sleep deprivation due to environmental noise increases weight gain by reducing energy expenditure in rodents",
abstract = "Objective: Chronic partial sleep deprivation (SD) by environmental noise exposure increases weight gain and feeding in rodents, which contrasts weight loss after acute SD by physical methods. This study tested whether acute environmental noise exposure reduced sleep and its effect on weight gain, food intake, physical activity, and energy expenditure (EE). It was hypothesized that acute exposure would (1) increase weight gain and feeding and (2) reduce sleep, physical activity, and EE (total and individual components); and (3) behavioral changes would persist throughout recovery from SD. Methods: Three-month old male Sprague-Dawley rats slept ad libitum, were noise exposed (12-h light cycle), and allowed to recover (36 h). Weight gain, food intake, sleep/wake, physical activity, and EE were measured. Results: Acute environmental noise exposure had no effect on feeding, increased weight gain (P < 0.01), and reduced sleep (P < 0.02), physical activity (P < 0.03), total EE (P < 0.05), and several components (P < 0.05). Reductions in EE and physical activity persisted during recovery. Conclusions: Reductions in EE during sleep, rest, and physical activity reduce total EE and contribute to weight gain during acute SD and recovery from SD. These data emphasize the importance of increasing physical activity after SD to prevent obesity.",
author = "Parrish, {Jennifer B.} and Teske, {Jennifer A.}",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1002/oby.21703",
volume = "25",
pages = "141--146",
journal = "Obesity",
issn = "1930-7381",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Acute partial sleep deprivation due to environmental noise increases weight gain by reducing energy expenditure in rodents

AU - Parrish,Jennifer B.

AU - Teske,Jennifer A.

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - Objective: Chronic partial sleep deprivation (SD) by environmental noise exposure increases weight gain and feeding in rodents, which contrasts weight loss after acute SD by physical methods. This study tested whether acute environmental noise exposure reduced sleep and its effect on weight gain, food intake, physical activity, and energy expenditure (EE). It was hypothesized that acute exposure would (1) increase weight gain and feeding and (2) reduce sleep, physical activity, and EE (total and individual components); and (3) behavioral changes would persist throughout recovery from SD. Methods: Three-month old male Sprague-Dawley rats slept ad libitum, were noise exposed (12-h light cycle), and allowed to recover (36 h). Weight gain, food intake, sleep/wake, physical activity, and EE were measured. Results: Acute environmental noise exposure had no effect on feeding, increased weight gain (P < 0.01), and reduced sleep (P < 0.02), physical activity (P < 0.03), total EE (P < 0.05), and several components (P < 0.05). Reductions in EE and physical activity persisted during recovery. Conclusions: Reductions in EE during sleep, rest, and physical activity reduce total EE and contribute to weight gain during acute SD and recovery from SD. These data emphasize the importance of increasing physical activity after SD to prevent obesity.

AB - Objective: Chronic partial sleep deprivation (SD) by environmental noise exposure increases weight gain and feeding in rodents, which contrasts weight loss after acute SD by physical methods. This study tested whether acute environmental noise exposure reduced sleep and its effect on weight gain, food intake, physical activity, and energy expenditure (EE). It was hypothesized that acute exposure would (1) increase weight gain and feeding and (2) reduce sleep, physical activity, and EE (total and individual components); and (3) behavioral changes would persist throughout recovery from SD. Methods: Three-month old male Sprague-Dawley rats slept ad libitum, were noise exposed (12-h light cycle), and allowed to recover (36 h). Weight gain, food intake, sleep/wake, physical activity, and EE were measured. Results: Acute environmental noise exposure had no effect on feeding, increased weight gain (P < 0.01), and reduced sleep (P < 0.02), physical activity (P < 0.03), total EE (P < 0.05), and several components (P < 0.05). Reductions in EE and physical activity persisted during recovery. Conclusions: Reductions in EE during sleep, rest, and physical activity reduce total EE and contribute to weight gain during acute SD and recovery from SD. These data emphasize the importance of increasing physical activity after SD to prevent obesity.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85006284638&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85006284638&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/oby.21703

DO - 10.1002/oby.21703

M3 - Article

VL - 25

SP - 141

EP - 146

JO - Obesity

T2 - Obesity

JF - Obesity

SN - 1930-7381

IS - 1

ER -