Adaptation, specialization, and coevolution within phytobiomes

Research output: Research - peer-reviewReview article

Abstract

Growth patterns of individual plants and evolutionary trajectories of plant communities are intimately linked with and are critically affected by host-associated microbiomes. Research across systems has begun to shed light on how these phytobiomes are established under laboratory and natural conditions, and have cultivated hope that a better understanding of the governing principles for host–microbe interactions can guide attempts to engineer microbiomes to boost agricultural yields. One important, yet relatively understudied, parameter in regards to phytobiome membership is the degree to which specialization and coevolution between plant species and microbes provides structure to these communities. In this article, I provide an overview of mechanisms enabling adaptation and specialization of phytobiome communities to host plants as well as the potential for plants themselves to recruit and cultivate beneficial interactions. I further explore the possibility of host-beneficial microbe coevolution and suggest particular situations that could promote the evolution of such close-knit partnerships. It is my hope that this overview will encourage future experiments that can begin to fill in this black box of ecological and evolutionary interactions across phytobiomes.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages109-116
Number of pages8
JournalCurrent Opinion in Plant Biology
Volume38
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2017

Fingerprint

coevolution
microorganisms
microbiome
beneficial microorganisms
engineers
trajectories
plant communities
host plants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science

Cite this

Adaptation, specialization, and coevolution within phytobiomes. / Baltrus, David A.

In: Current Opinion in Plant Biology, Vol. 38, 01.08.2017, p. 109-116.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewReview article

@article{b4eae7b009d84014a0fcc1e00e4c983a,
title = "Adaptation, specialization, and coevolution within phytobiomes",
abstract = "Growth patterns of individual plants and evolutionary trajectories of plant communities are intimately linked with and are critically affected by host-associated microbiomes. Research across systems has begun to shed light on how these phytobiomes are established under laboratory and natural conditions, and have cultivated hope that a better understanding of the governing principles for host–microbe interactions can guide attempts to engineer microbiomes to boost agricultural yields. One important, yet relatively understudied, parameter in regards to phytobiome membership is the degree to which specialization and coevolution between plant species and microbes provides structure to these communities. In this article, I provide an overview of mechanisms enabling adaptation and specialization of phytobiome communities to host plants as well as the potential for plants themselves to recruit and cultivate beneficial interactions. I further explore the possibility of host-beneficial microbe coevolution and suggest particular situations that could promote the evolution of such close-knit partnerships. It is my hope that this overview will encourage future experiments that can begin to fill in this black box of ecological and evolutionary interactions across phytobiomes.",
author = "Baltrus, {David A.}",
year = "2017",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1016/j.pbi.2017.04.023",
volume = "38",
pages = "109--116",
journal = "Current Opinion in Plant Biology",
issn = "1369-5266",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Adaptation, specialization, and coevolution within phytobiomes

AU - Baltrus,David A.

PY - 2017/8/1

Y1 - 2017/8/1

N2 - Growth patterns of individual plants and evolutionary trajectories of plant communities are intimately linked with and are critically affected by host-associated microbiomes. Research across systems has begun to shed light on how these phytobiomes are established under laboratory and natural conditions, and have cultivated hope that a better understanding of the governing principles for host–microbe interactions can guide attempts to engineer microbiomes to boost agricultural yields. One important, yet relatively understudied, parameter in regards to phytobiome membership is the degree to which specialization and coevolution between plant species and microbes provides structure to these communities. In this article, I provide an overview of mechanisms enabling adaptation and specialization of phytobiome communities to host plants as well as the potential for plants themselves to recruit and cultivate beneficial interactions. I further explore the possibility of host-beneficial microbe coevolution and suggest particular situations that could promote the evolution of such close-knit partnerships. It is my hope that this overview will encourage future experiments that can begin to fill in this black box of ecological and evolutionary interactions across phytobiomes.

AB - Growth patterns of individual plants and evolutionary trajectories of plant communities are intimately linked with and are critically affected by host-associated microbiomes. Research across systems has begun to shed light on how these phytobiomes are established under laboratory and natural conditions, and have cultivated hope that a better understanding of the governing principles for host–microbe interactions can guide attempts to engineer microbiomes to boost agricultural yields. One important, yet relatively understudied, parameter in regards to phytobiome membership is the degree to which specialization and coevolution between plant species and microbes provides structure to these communities. In this article, I provide an overview of mechanisms enabling adaptation and specialization of phytobiome communities to host plants as well as the potential for plants themselves to recruit and cultivate beneficial interactions. I further explore the possibility of host-beneficial microbe coevolution and suggest particular situations that could promote the evolution of such close-knit partnerships. It is my hope that this overview will encourage future experiments that can begin to fill in this black box of ecological and evolutionary interactions across phytobiomes.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85019895277&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85019895277&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.pbi.2017.04.023

DO - 10.1016/j.pbi.2017.04.023

M3 - Review article

VL - 38

SP - 109

EP - 116

JO - Current Opinion in Plant Biology

T2 - Current Opinion in Plant Biology

JF - Current Opinion in Plant Biology

SN - 1369-5266

ER -