Adaptive optics imaging of the circumbinary disk around the T Tauri Binary UY Aurigae: Estimates of the binary mass and circumbinary dust grain size distribution

L. M. Close, A. Dutrey, F. Roddier, S. Guilloteau, C. Roddier, G. Ouvert, M. Northcott, F. Menard, J. E. Graves, D. Potter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have obtained high-resolution (FWHM = 0″.15) deep images of the UY Aur binary at J, H, and K′ with the University of Hawaii adaptive optics instrument. We clearly detect an R ∼ 500 AU circumbinary disk discovered with millimeter interferometry, making UY Aur the second young binary with a confirmed circumbinary disk. It appears that the disk is inclined ∼ 42° from face on. We find that the near side of the disk is brighter than the far side by factors of 2.6, 2.7, and 6.5 times at K′, H, and J, respectively. The original GG Tau circumbinary disk has been reexamined and is found to have similar flux ratios of 1.5, 2.6, and 3.6 at K′, H, and J, respectively. A realistic power-law distribution (p = 4.7) of spherical dust aggregates (composed of silicates, amorphous carbon, and graphite) that reproduces the observed ISM extinction curve also predicts these observed flux ratios from Mie scattering theory. We find the observed preference of forward-scattering over back-scattering is well fitted (global χ2 minimization) by Mie scattering off particles in the range amin = 0.03 /im to amax = 0.5-0.6 μm. The existence of a significant population of grain radii larger than 0.6 μm is not supported by the scattering observations. Based on the observed disk inclination we derive an orbit for UY Aur where the mass for the binary is 1.6-0.67+0.47. Based on the observed K7 and MO spectral types for UY Aur A and B, accretion disk models for the inner disks around the central stars were constructed. The models suggest that small (lower limit R ∼ 5-10 AU) inner disks exist around B and A. It appears that B is accreting ∼ 5 times faster than A, and that both inner disks may be exhausted in ∼ 102-103 yr without replenishment from the outer circumbinary disk. Our images suggest that these inner disks may indeed be resupplied with material through thin streamers of material that penetrate inside the circumbinary disk. Currently it appears that such a streamer may be a close to UY Aur B. Comparison of our IR images and the millimeter images of the gas clearly show that the dust seen in our IR images traces the gas in the circumbinary disk, as was also the case with GG Tau.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)883-888
Number of pages6
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume499
Issue number2 PART I
DOIs
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Circumstellar matter
  • Dust, extinction
  • Infrared: Stars
  • Stars: Imaging stars: Individual (uy aurigae)
  • Stars: Pre-main-sequence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Close, L. M., Dutrey, A., Roddier, F., Guilloteau, S., Roddier, C., Ouvert, G., Northcott, M., Menard, F., Graves, J. E., & Potter, D. (1998). Adaptive optics imaging of the circumbinary disk around the T Tauri Binary UY Aurigae: Estimates of the binary mass and circumbinary dust grain size distribution. Astrophysical Journal, 499(2 PART I), 883-888. https://doi.org/10.1086/305672