Adding stable carbon isotopes improves model representation of the role of microbial communities in peatland methane cycling

Jia Deng, Carmody K. Mccalley, Steve Frolking, Jeff Chanton, Patrick Crill, Ruth Varner, Gene Tyson, Virginia Rich, Mark Hines, Scott R. Saleska, Changsheng Li

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

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Abstract

Climate change is expected to have significant and uncertain impacts on methane (CH4) emissions from northern peatlands. Biogeochemical models can extrapolate site-specificCH4 measurements to larger scales and predict responses of CH4 emissions to environmental changes. However, these models include considerable uncertainties and limitations in representing CH4 production, consumption, and transport processes. To improve predictions of CH4 transformations, we incorporated acetate and stable carbon (C) isotopic dynamics associated with CH4 cycling into a biogeochemistry model, DNDC. By including these new features, DNDC explicitly simulates acetate dynamics and the relative contribution of acetotrophic and hydrogenotrophic methanogenesis (AM and HM) to CH4 production, and predicts the C isotopic signature (δ13C) in soil C pools and emitted gases. When tested against biogeochemical and microbial community observations at two sites in a zone of thawing permafrost in a subarctic peatland in Sweden, the new formulation substantially improved agreement with CH4 production pathways and δ13C in emitted CH413C-CH4), a measure of the integrated effects of microbial production and consumption, and of physical transport. We also investigated the sensitivity of simulated δ13C-CH4 to C isotopic composition of substrates and, to fractionation factors for CH4 production (αAM and αHM), CH4 oxidation (αMO), and plant-mediated CH4 transport (αTP). The sensitivity analysis indicated that the δ13C-CH4 is highly sensitive to the factors associated with microbial metabolism (αAM, αHM, and αMO). The model framework simulating stable C isotopic dynamics provides a robust basis for better constraining and testing microbial mechanisms in predicting CH4 cycling in peatlands.

LanguageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2017

Fingerprint

peatland
carbon isotope
microbial community
stable isotope
methane
Methane
acetate
consumption
Acetates
methanogenesis
thawing
biogeochemistry
transport process
permafrost
sensitivity analysis
environmental change
isotopic composition
fractionation
metabolism
oxidation

Keywords

  • Biogeochemistry
  • DNDC
  • Methane
  • Peatlands
  • Stable carbon isotope

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Adding stable carbon isotopes improves model representation of the role of microbial communities in peatland methane cycling. / Deng, Jia; Mccalley, Carmody K.; Frolking, Steve; Chanton, Jeff; Crill, Patrick; Varner, Ruth; Tyson, Gene; Rich, Virginia; Hines, Mark; Saleska, Scott R.; Li, Changsheng.

In: Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 2017.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Deng, Jia ; Mccalley, Carmody K. ; Frolking, Steve ; Chanton, Jeff ; Crill, Patrick ; Varner, Ruth ; Tyson, Gene ; Rich, Virginia ; Hines, Mark ; Saleska, Scott R. ; Li, Changsheng. / Adding stable carbon isotopes improves model representation of the role of microbial communities in peatland methane cycling. In: Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems. 2017
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AU - Crill,Patrick

AU - Varner,Ruth

AU - Tyson,Gene

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AU - Li,Changsheng

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AB - Climate change is expected to have significant and uncertain impacts on methane (CH4) emissions from northern peatlands. Biogeochemical models can extrapolate site-specificCH4 measurements to larger scales and predict responses of CH4 emissions to environmental changes. However, these models include considerable uncertainties and limitations in representing CH4 production, consumption, and transport processes. To improve predictions of CH4 transformations, we incorporated acetate and stable carbon (C) isotopic dynamics associated with CH4 cycling into a biogeochemistry model, DNDC. By including these new features, DNDC explicitly simulates acetate dynamics and the relative contribution of acetotrophic and hydrogenotrophic methanogenesis (AM and HM) to CH4 production, and predicts the C isotopic signature (δ13C) in soil C pools and emitted gases. When tested against biogeochemical and microbial community observations at two sites in a zone of thawing permafrost in a subarctic peatland in Sweden, the new formulation substantially improved agreement with CH4 production pathways and δ13C in emitted CH4 (δ13C-CH4), a measure of the integrated effects of microbial production and consumption, and of physical transport. We also investigated the sensitivity of simulated δ13C-CH4 to C isotopic composition of substrates and, to fractionation factors for CH4 production (αAM and αHM), CH4 oxidation (αMO), and plant-mediated CH4 transport (αTP). The sensitivity analysis indicated that the δ13C-CH4 is highly sensitive to the factors associated with microbial metabolism (αAM, αHM, and αMO). The model framework simulating stable C isotopic dynamics provides a robust basis for better constraining and testing microbial mechanisms in predicting CH4 cycling in peatlands.

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