Adsorption characteristics of Cd(II) and Ni(II) from aqueous solution using succinylated hay

Peijia Lin, Jiajia Wu, Junmo Ahn, Jaeheon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

An environmentally friendly organic biosorbent was fabricated using hay by succinylation. Metallic cation adsorption tests were performed using synthetic nickel(II) and cadmium(II) solutions to simulate heavy-metal recovery from aqueous solution. The adsorption efficiency was greater than 98% for both cadmium and nickel ions when the biosorbent concentration was 5.0 g/L and the initial metal concentrations were 50 mg/L. The surface of the biosorbent was characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy to investigate the changes in the surface functional groups. The functional groups changed according to the surface treatment, resulting in an effective biosorbent. The kinetics of the metals adsorption revealed that the reactions are pseudo-second order, and the adsorption isotherm well followed the Langmuir model. The maximum adsorption capacities predicted by the Langmuir model were 75.19 mg/g and 57.77 mg/g for cadmium and nickel, respectively. The fabricated biosorbent was regenerated using NaCl multiple times, with 2.1% for Cd and 4.0% for Ni in adsorption capacity after three regeneration cycles. The proposed biosorbent can be a good alternative to resin or other chemical adsorbents for heavy-metal recovery in metallurgical processing or municipal water treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1239-1246
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Minerals, Metallurgy and Materials
Volume26
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2019

Keywords

  • biosorbent
  • cadmium
  • hay
  • langmuir adsorption
  • nickel
  • succinylation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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