Advanced structural design for precision radial velocity instruments

Dan Baldwin, Andrew Szentgyorgyi, Stuart Barnes, Jacob Bean, Sagi Ben-Ami, Patricia Brennan, Jamie Budynkiewicz, Moo Young Chun, Charlie Conroy, Jeffrey D. Crane, Harland Epps, Ian Evans, Janet Evans, Jeff Foster, Anna Frebel, Thomas Gauron, Dani Guzman, Tyson Hare, Bi Ho Jang, Jeong Gyun JangAndres Jordan, Jihun Kim, Kang Min Kim, Claudia Mendes De Oliveira, Mercedes Lopez-Morales, Kenneth McCracken, Stuart McMuldroch, Joseph Miller, Mark Mueller, Jae Sok Oh, Mark Ordway, Byeong Gon Park, Chan Park, Sung Joon Park, Charles Paxson, David Phillips, David Plummer, William Podgorski, Andreas Seifahrt, Daniel P Stark, Joao Steiner, Alan Uomoto, Ronald Walsworth, Young Sam Yu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The GMT-Consortium Large Earth Finder (G-CLEF) is an echelle spectrograph with precision radial velocity (PRV) capability that will be a first light instrument for the Giant Magellan Telescope (GMT). G-CLEF has a PRV precision goal of 40 cm/sec (10 cm/s for multiple measurements) to enable detection of Earth-like exoplanets in the habitable zones of sun-like stars1. This precision is a primary driver of G-CLEF's structural design. Extreme stability is necessary to minimize image motions at the CCD detectors. Minute changes in temperature, pressure, and acceleration environments cause structural deformations, inducing image motions which degrade PRV precision. The instrument's structural design will ensure that the PRV goal is achieved under the environments G-CLEF will be subjected to as installed on the GMT azimuth platform, including: Millikelvin (0.001 °K) thermal soaks and gradients 10 millibar changes in ambient pressure Changes in acceleration due to instrument tip/tilt and telescope slewing Carbon fiber/cyanate composite was selected for the optical bench structure in order to meet performance goals. Low coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) and high stiffness-to-weight are key features of the composite optical bench design. Manufacturability and serviceability of the instrument are also drivers of the design. In this paper, we discuss analyses leading to technical choices made to minimize G-CLEF's sensitivity to changing environments. Finite element analysis (FEA) and image motion sensitivity studies were conducted to determine PRV performance under operational environments. We discuss the design of the optical bench structure to optimize stiffness-to-weight and minimize deformations due to inertial and pressure effects. We also discuss quasi-kinematic mounting of optical elements and assemblies, and optimization of these to ensure minimal image motion under thermal, pressure, and inertial loads expected during PRV observations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAdvances in Optical and Mechanical Technologies for Telescopes and Instrumentation II
PublisherSPIE
Volume9912
ISBN (Electronic)9781510602038
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016
EventAdvances in Optical and Mechanical Technologies for Telescopes and Instrumentation II - Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Duration: Jun 26 2016Jul 1 2016

Other

OtherAdvances in Optical and Mechanical Technologies for Telescopes and Instrumentation II
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityEdinburgh
Period6/26/167/1/16

Fingerprint

Radial velocity
structural design
Structural Design
Structural design
radial velocity
Telescopes
Earth (planet)
Telescope
telescopes
seats
Motion
Stiffness
Cyanates
Minimise
Pressure effects
Spectrographs
Optical design
Driver
stiffness
Composite materials

Keywords

  • Composite optical bench
  • Echelle spectrograph
  • G-CLEF
  • GMT
  • Low CTE
  • Mechanical stability
  • Precision radial velocity
  • Thermal stability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Baldwin, D., Szentgyorgyi, A., Barnes, S., Bean, J., Ben-Ami, S., Brennan, P., ... Yu, Y. S. (2016). Advanced structural design for precision radial velocity instruments. In Advances in Optical and Mechanical Technologies for Telescopes and Instrumentation II (Vol. 9912). [99123I] SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2235250

Advanced structural design for precision radial velocity instruments. / Baldwin, Dan; Szentgyorgyi, Andrew; Barnes, Stuart; Bean, Jacob; Ben-Ami, Sagi; Brennan, Patricia; Budynkiewicz, Jamie; Chun, Moo Young; Conroy, Charlie; Crane, Jeffrey D.; Epps, Harland; Evans, Ian; Evans, Janet; Foster, Jeff; Frebel, Anna; Gauron, Thomas; Guzman, Dani; Hare, Tyson; Jang, Bi Ho; Jang, Jeong Gyun; Jordan, Andres; Kim, Jihun; Kim, Kang Min; Mendes De Oliveira, Claudia; Lopez-Morales, Mercedes; McCracken, Kenneth; McMuldroch, Stuart; Miller, Joseph; Mueller, Mark; Oh, Jae Sok; Ordway, Mark; Park, Byeong Gon; Park, Chan; Park, Sung Joon; Paxson, Charles; Phillips, David; Plummer, David; Podgorski, William; Seifahrt, Andreas; Stark, Daniel P; Steiner, Joao; Uomoto, Alan; Walsworth, Ronald; Yu, Young Sam.

Advances in Optical and Mechanical Technologies for Telescopes and Instrumentation II. Vol. 9912 SPIE, 2016. 99123I.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Baldwin, D, Szentgyorgyi, A, Barnes, S, Bean, J, Ben-Ami, S, Brennan, P, Budynkiewicz, J, Chun, MY, Conroy, C, Crane, JD, Epps, H, Evans, I, Evans, J, Foster, J, Frebel, A, Gauron, T, Guzman, D, Hare, T, Jang, BH, Jang, JG, Jordan, A, Kim, J, Kim, KM, Mendes De Oliveira, C, Lopez-Morales, M, McCracken, K, McMuldroch, S, Miller, J, Mueller, M, Oh, JS, Ordway, M, Park, BG, Park, C, Park, SJ, Paxson, C, Phillips, D, Plummer, D, Podgorski, W, Seifahrt, A, Stark, DP, Steiner, J, Uomoto, A, Walsworth, R & Yu, YS 2016, Advanced structural design for precision radial velocity instruments. in Advances in Optical and Mechanical Technologies for Telescopes and Instrumentation II. vol. 9912, 99123I, SPIE, Advances in Optical and Mechanical Technologies for Telescopes and Instrumentation II, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, 6/26/16. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2235250
Baldwin D, Szentgyorgyi A, Barnes S, Bean J, Ben-Ami S, Brennan P et al. Advanced structural design for precision radial velocity instruments. In Advances in Optical and Mechanical Technologies for Telescopes and Instrumentation II. Vol. 9912. SPIE. 2016. 99123I https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2235250
Baldwin, Dan ; Szentgyorgyi, Andrew ; Barnes, Stuart ; Bean, Jacob ; Ben-Ami, Sagi ; Brennan, Patricia ; Budynkiewicz, Jamie ; Chun, Moo Young ; Conroy, Charlie ; Crane, Jeffrey D. ; Epps, Harland ; Evans, Ian ; Evans, Janet ; Foster, Jeff ; Frebel, Anna ; Gauron, Thomas ; Guzman, Dani ; Hare, Tyson ; Jang, Bi Ho ; Jang, Jeong Gyun ; Jordan, Andres ; Kim, Jihun ; Kim, Kang Min ; Mendes De Oliveira, Claudia ; Lopez-Morales, Mercedes ; McCracken, Kenneth ; McMuldroch, Stuart ; Miller, Joseph ; Mueller, Mark ; Oh, Jae Sok ; Ordway, Mark ; Park, Byeong Gon ; Park, Chan ; Park, Sung Joon ; Paxson, Charles ; Phillips, David ; Plummer, David ; Podgorski, William ; Seifahrt, Andreas ; Stark, Daniel P ; Steiner, Joao ; Uomoto, Alan ; Walsworth, Ronald ; Yu, Young Sam. / Advanced structural design for precision radial velocity instruments. Advances in Optical and Mechanical Technologies for Telescopes and Instrumentation II. Vol. 9912 SPIE, 2016.
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AU - Szentgyorgyi, Andrew

AU - Barnes, Stuart

AU - Bean, Jacob

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AU - Brennan, Patricia

AU - Budynkiewicz, Jamie

AU - Chun, Moo Young

AU - Conroy, Charlie

AU - Crane, Jeffrey D.

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AU - Kim, Jihun

AU - Kim, Kang Min

AU - Mendes De Oliveira, Claudia

AU - Lopez-Morales, Mercedes

AU - McCracken, Kenneth

AU - McMuldroch, Stuart

AU - Miller, Joseph

AU - Mueller, Mark

AU - Oh, Jae Sok

AU - Ordway, Mark

AU - Park, Byeong Gon

AU - Park, Chan

AU - Park, Sung Joon

AU - Paxson, Charles

AU - Phillips, David

AU - Plummer, David

AU - Podgorski, William

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N2 - The GMT-Consortium Large Earth Finder (G-CLEF) is an echelle spectrograph with precision radial velocity (PRV) capability that will be a first light instrument for the Giant Magellan Telescope (GMT). G-CLEF has a PRV precision goal of 40 cm/sec (10 cm/s for multiple measurements) to enable detection of Earth-like exoplanets in the habitable zones of sun-like stars1. This precision is a primary driver of G-CLEF's structural design. Extreme stability is necessary to minimize image motions at the CCD detectors. Minute changes in temperature, pressure, and acceleration environments cause structural deformations, inducing image motions which degrade PRV precision. The instrument's structural design will ensure that the PRV goal is achieved under the environments G-CLEF will be subjected to as installed on the GMT azimuth platform, including: Millikelvin (0.001 °K) thermal soaks and gradients 10 millibar changes in ambient pressure Changes in acceleration due to instrument tip/tilt and telescope slewing Carbon fiber/cyanate composite was selected for the optical bench structure in order to meet performance goals. Low coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) and high stiffness-to-weight are key features of the composite optical bench design. Manufacturability and serviceability of the instrument are also drivers of the design. In this paper, we discuss analyses leading to technical choices made to minimize G-CLEF's sensitivity to changing environments. Finite element analysis (FEA) and image motion sensitivity studies were conducted to determine PRV performance under operational environments. We discuss the design of the optical bench structure to optimize stiffness-to-weight and minimize deformations due to inertial and pressure effects. We also discuss quasi-kinematic mounting of optical elements and assemblies, and optimization of these to ensure minimal image motion under thermal, pressure, and inertial loads expected during PRV observations.

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