PURPOSE: We investigated the prognostic utility of onset age at first signs and symptoms (SS) to predict onset age at loss of ambulation (LOA) for childhood-onset Duchenne and Becker Muscular Dystrophies (DBMD). METHODS: Our cohort comprised male cases with DBMD ascertained by the population-based Muscular Dystrophy Surveillance, Tracking, and Research Network (MD STARnet). Adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using Cox proportional hazards models for associations between onset ages of first SS and LOA. Covariates controlled for were corticosteroid use, family history of DBMD, birth year, race/ethnicity, and MD STARnet site. Onset age at first SS was considered as a continuous and as a categorical variable. RESULTS: A one-year increase in onset age at first SS was significantly associated with a 10% reduction in annual risk of LOA (HR = 0.90, CI = 0.870.94). Treating onset age at first SS as a categorical variable yielded a similar association (≥ 5 years: referent; ≥ 3 to < 5 years: HR = 1.36, CI = 1.021.81; 18 months to < 3 years: HR = 1.72, CI = 1.312.26; < 18 months: HR = 1.52, CI = 1.142.02). CONCLUSIONS: Earlier onset age at first SS is associated with earlier onset age at LOA and may have clinical utility in differentiating childhood-onset Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies.
- Becker Muscular Dystrophy
- Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation