Magnaporthe grisea is the causal agent of rice blast disease and represents a model organism for the study of fungal plant-pathogen interactions. Pathogenicity is a complex phenotype, which is carefully orchestrated by the fungus and begins with recognition and infection of the host plant, followed by growth within the plant cells, and finally dissemination to the next host and continuation of the fungal life cycle. Certain genes must condition the ability of a pathogenic fungus to infect and cause disease symptoms. To learn more about the infection process and the genes that are involved in the complex interplay between M. grisea and rice, we used an insertional mutagenesis approach to attempt to randomly disrupt all genes in the fungal genome. Two transformation approaches were used to build a library of insertion strains in M. grisea. Polyethylene glycol/CaCl2-mediated protoplast transformation was the initial method we used and resulted in the generation of just more than 17,000 insertion strain lines. Later Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation was adopted and the final number of insertional mutant strains of M. grisea strain 70-15 generated was more than 57,000. Here, we describe the methods used for A. tumefaciens-mediated transformation of M. grisea and the optimized protocols we have developed to enable high-throughput fungal transformation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.)|
|State||Published - 2007|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology