We present a tutorial review of all-optical switching in fibre and integrated optics waveguides. These switching devices require non-linear refractive index changes in single or coupled waveguides, and involve either the low-power guided modes of the structure or soliton-type waves guided, emitted or captured by waveguides. We discuss the physical principles involved in these all-optical switching schemes, material requirements, recent experiments and limitations. A representative rather than comprehensive list of references is provided.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering