All-trans-retinoic acid-mediated cytoprotection in LLC-PK1 renal epithelial cells is coupled to P-ERK activation in a ROS-independent manner

Jessica M. Sapiro, Terrence Monks, Serrine Lau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) provides protection against a variety of conditions in vivo, particularly ischemia, the molecular mechanisms underpinning these effects remain unclear. The present studies were designed to assess potential mechanisms by which ATRA affords cytoprotection against renal toxicants in LLC-PK1 cells. Pretreatment of LLC-PK1 cells with ATRA (25 µM) for 24 h afforded cytoprotection against oncotic cell death induced by p-aminophenol (PAP), 2-(glutathion-S-yl)hydroquinone (MGHQ), and iodoacetamide but not against apoptotic cell death induced by cisplatin. Inhibition of protein synthesis with cycloheximide blunted ATRA protection, indicating essential cell survival pathways must be engaged before toxicant exposure to provide cytoprotection. Interestingly, ATRA did not prevent the PAP-induced generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) nor did it alter glutathione levels. Moreover, ATRA had no significant effect on Nrf2 protein expression, and the Nrf2 inducers sulforaphane and MG132 did not influence ATRA cytoprotection, suggesting cytoprotective pathways beyond those that influence ROS levels contribute to ATRA protection. In contrast, ATRA rapidly (15 min) induced levels of the cellular stress kinases p-ERK and p-AKT at concentrations of ATRA (10 and 25 µM) required for cytoprotection. Consistent with a role for p-ERK in ATRA-mediated cytoprotection, inhibition of p-ERK with PD98059 reduced the ability of ATRA to afford protection against PAP toxicity. Collectively, these data suggest that p-ERK and its downstream targets, independent of ROS and antioxidant signaling, are important contributors to the cytoprotective effects of ATRA against oncotic cell death.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)F1200-F1208
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology
Volume313
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017

Fingerprint

Cytoprotection
Tretinoin
Reactive Oxygen Species
Epithelial Cells
Kidney
LLC-PK1 Cells
Cell Death
Glutathione
Iodoacetamide
Cycloheximide
Cisplatin
Cell Survival
Proteins
Phosphotransferases
Ischemia

Keywords

  • ATRA
  • Nephrotoxicants
  • Nrf2
  • P-ERK

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Urology

Cite this

@article{c11f5bf264414c4499e83773cb8793ea,
title = "All-trans-retinoic acid-mediated cytoprotection in LLC-PK1 renal epithelial cells is coupled to P-ERK activation in a ROS-independent manner",
abstract = "Although all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) provides protection against a variety of conditions in vivo, particularly ischemia, the molecular mechanisms underpinning these effects remain unclear. The present studies were designed to assess potential mechanisms by which ATRA affords cytoprotection against renal toxicants in LLC-PK1 cells. Pretreatment of LLC-PK1 cells with ATRA (25 µM) for 24 h afforded cytoprotection against oncotic cell death induced by p-aminophenol (PAP), 2-(glutathion-S-yl)hydroquinone (MGHQ), and iodoacetamide but not against apoptotic cell death induced by cisplatin. Inhibition of protein synthesis with cycloheximide blunted ATRA protection, indicating essential cell survival pathways must be engaged before toxicant exposure to provide cytoprotection. Interestingly, ATRA did not prevent the PAP-induced generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) nor did it alter glutathione levels. Moreover, ATRA had no significant effect on Nrf2 protein expression, and the Nrf2 inducers sulforaphane and MG132 did not influence ATRA cytoprotection, suggesting cytoprotective pathways beyond those that influence ROS levels contribute to ATRA protection. In contrast, ATRA rapidly (15 min) induced levels of the cellular stress kinases p-ERK and p-AKT at concentrations of ATRA (10 and 25 µM) required for cytoprotection. Consistent with a role for p-ERK in ATRA-mediated cytoprotection, inhibition of p-ERK with PD98059 reduced the ability of ATRA to afford protection against PAP toxicity. Collectively, these data suggest that p-ERK and its downstream targets, independent of ROS and antioxidant signaling, are important contributors to the cytoprotective effects of ATRA against oncotic cell death.",
keywords = "ATRA, Nephrotoxicants, Nrf2, P-ERK",
author = "Sapiro, {Jessica M.} and Terrence Monks and Serrine Lau",
year = "2017",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1152/ajprenal.00085.2017",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "313",
pages = "F1200--F1208",
journal = "American Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology",
issn = "1931-857X",
publisher = "American Physiological Society",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - All-trans-retinoic acid-mediated cytoprotection in LLC-PK1 renal epithelial cells is coupled to P-ERK activation in a ROS-independent manner

AU - Sapiro, Jessica M.

AU - Monks, Terrence

AU - Lau, Serrine

PY - 2017/12/1

Y1 - 2017/12/1

N2 - Although all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) provides protection against a variety of conditions in vivo, particularly ischemia, the molecular mechanisms underpinning these effects remain unclear. The present studies were designed to assess potential mechanisms by which ATRA affords cytoprotection against renal toxicants in LLC-PK1 cells. Pretreatment of LLC-PK1 cells with ATRA (25 µM) for 24 h afforded cytoprotection against oncotic cell death induced by p-aminophenol (PAP), 2-(glutathion-S-yl)hydroquinone (MGHQ), and iodoacetamide but not against apoptotic cell death induced by cisplatin. Inhibition of protein synthesis with cycloheximide blunted ATRA protection, indicating essential cell survival pathways must be engaged before toxicant exposure to provide cytoprotection. Interestingly, ATRA did not prevent the PAP-induced generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) nor did it alter glutathione levels. Moreover, ATRA had no significant effect on Nrf2 protein expression, and the Nrf2 inducers sulforaphane and MG132 did not influence ATRA cytoprotection, suggesting cytoprotective pathways beyond those that influence ROS levels contribute to ATRA protection. In contrast, ATRA rapidly (15 min) induced levels of the cellular stress kinases p-ERK and p-AKT at concentrations of ATRA (10 and 25 µM) required for cytoprotection. Consistent with a role for p-ERK in ATRA-mediated cytoprotection, inhibition of p-ERK with PD98059 reduced the ability of ATRA to afford protection against PAP toxicity. Collectively, these data suggest that p-ERK and its downstream targets, independent of ROS and antioxidant signaling, are important contributors to the cytoprotective effects of ATRA against oncotic cell death.

AB - Although all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) provides protection against a variety of conditions in vivo, particularly ischemia, the molecular mechanisms underpinning these effects remain unclear. The present studies were designed to assess potential mechanisms by which ATRA affords cytoprotection against renal toxicants in LLC-PK1 cells. Pretreatment of LLC-PK1 cells with ATRA (25 µM) for 24 h afforded cytoprotection against oncotic cell death induced by p-aminophenol (PAP), 2-(glutathion-S-yl)hydroquinone (MGHQ), and iodoacetamide but not against apoptotic cell death induced by cisplatin. Inhibition of protein synthesis with cycloheximide blunted ATRA protection, indicating essential cell survival pathways must be engaged before toxicant exposure to provide cytoprotection. Interestingly, ATRA did not prevent the PAP-induced generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) nor did it alter glutathione levels. Moreover, ATRA had no significant effect on Nrf2 protein expression, and the Nrf2 inducers sulforaphane and MG132 did not influence ATRA cytoprotection, suggesting cytoprotective pathways beyond those that influence ROS levels contribute to ATRA protection. In contrast, ATRA rapidly (15 min) induced levels of the cellular stress kinases p-ERK and p-AKT at concentrations of ATRA (10 and 25 µM) required for cytoprotection. Consistent with a role for p-ERK in ATRA-mediated cytoprotection, inhibition of p-ERK with PD98059 reduced the ability of ATRA to afford protection against PAP toxicity. Collectively, these data suggest that p-ERK and its downstream targets, independent of ROS and antioxidant signaling, are important contributors to the cytoprotective effects of ATRA against oncotic cell death.

KW - ATRA

KW - Nephrotoxicants

KW - Nrf2

KW - P-ERK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85037041484&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85037041484&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1152/ajprenal.00085.2017

DO - 10.1152/ajprenal.00085.2017

M3 - Article

C2 - 28768661

AN - SCOPUS:85037041484

VL - 313

SP - F1200-F1208

JO - American Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology

JF - American Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology

SN - 1931-857X

IS - 6

ER -