Alterations of substance P metabolism and neuropeptidases in Alzheimer's disease

S. M. Waters, Thomas P Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The levels of specific neuropeptides and the activity of neuropeptidases known to degrade neuropeptides have been shown to be altered in senile dementia of the Alzheimer's type (SDAT) postmortem brain. We examined the metabolism of exogenous substance P, a neuropeptide with a putative role in SDAT pathology, in human postmortem temporal cortex, hippocampus, and caudate membrane homogenates from SDAT and sex- and age-matched control brain. The activity of two neuropeptidases known to metabolize substance P, neutral endopeptidase E.C.3.4.24.11 and metalloendopeptidase E.C.3.4.24.15, was also determined in the same postmortem, human tissue samples. The metabolic half- life of substance P was significantly increased in SDAT, postmortem, temporal cortex. The increased half-life of substance P was correlated with a decreased activity of the metabolic enzyme metalloendopeptidase 24.15 in temporal cortex. Substance P metabolism was not significantly altered in hippocampus or caudate tissues from SDAT brain compared to controls. The alteration of neuropeptidases demonstrated in this study and as shown by altered substance P metabolism may have a significant effect on the level of several biologically important neuropeptides in SDAT brain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Volume50
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1995

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Substance P
Alzheimer Disease
Neuropeptides
Temporal Lobe
Brain
thimet oligopeptidase
Half-Life
Hippocampus
Metalloendopeptidases
Neprilysin
Pathology
Membranes
Enzymes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging

Cite this

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abstract = "The levels of specific neuropeptides and the activity of neuropeptidases known to degrade neuropeptides have been shown to be altered in senile dementia of the Alzheimer's type (SDAT) postmortem brain. We examined the metabolism of exogenous substance P, a neuropeptide with a putative role in SDAT pathology, in human postmortem temporal cortex, hippocampus, and caudate membrane homogenates from SDAT and sex- and age-matched control brain. The activity of two neuropeptidases known to metabolize substance P, neutral endopeptidase E.C.3.4.24.11 and metalloendopeptidase E.C.3.4.24.15, was also determined in the same postmortem, human tissue samples. The metabolic half- life of substance P was significantly increased in SDAT, postmortem, temporal cortex. The increased half-life of substance P was correlated with a decreased activity of the metabolic enzyme metalloendopeptidase 24.15 in temporal cortex. Substance P metabolism was not significantly altered in hippocampus or caudate tissues from SDAT brain compared to controls. The alteration of neuropeptidases demonstrated in this study and as shown by altered substance P metabolism may have a significant effect on the level of several biologically important neuropeptides in SDAT brain.",
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N2 - The levels of specific neuropeptides and the activity of neuropeptidases known to degrade neuropeptides have been shown to be altered in senile dementia of the Alzheimer's type (SDAT) postmortem brain. We examined the metabolism of exogenous substance P, a neuropeptide with a putative role in SDAT pathology, in human postmortem temporal cortex, hippocampus, and caudate membrane homogenates from SDAT and sex- and age-matched control brain. The activity of two neuropeptidases known to metabolize substance P, neutral endopeptidase E.C.3.4.24.11 and metalloendopeptidase E.C.3.4.24.15, was also determined in the same postmortem, human tissue samples. The metabolic half- life of substance P was significantly increased in SDAT, postmortem, temporal cortex. The increased half-life of substance P was correlated with a decreased activity of the metabolic enzyme metalloendopeptidase 24.15 in temporal cortex. Substance P metabolism was not significantly altered in hippocampus or caudate tissues from SDAT brain compared to controls. The alteration of neuropeptidases demonstrated in this study and as shown by altered substance P metabolism may have a significant effect on the level of several biologically important neuropeptides in SDAT brain.

AB - The levels of specific neuropeptides and the activity of neuropeptidases known to degrade neuropeptides have been shown to be altered in senile dementia of the Alzheimer's type (SDAT) postmortem brain. We examined the metabolism of exogenous substance P, a neuropeptide with a putative role in SDAT pathology, in human postmortem temporal cortex, hippocampus, and caudate membrane homogenates from SDAT and sex- and age-matched control brain. The activity of two neuropeptidases known to metabolize substance P, neutral endopeptidase E.C.3.4.24.11 and metalloendopeptidase E.C.3.4.24.15, was also determined in the same postmortem, human tissue samples. The metabolic half- life of substance P was significantly increased in SDAT, postmortem, temporal cortex. The increased half-life of substance P was correlated with a decreased activity of the metabolic enzyme metalloendopeptidase 24.15 in temporal cortex. Substance P metabolism was not significantly altered in hippocampus or caudate tissues from SDAT brain compared to controls. The alteration of neuropeptidases demonstrated in this study and as shown by altered substance P metabolism may have a significant effect on the level of several biologically important neuropeptides in SDAT brain.

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