Altered glycosaminoglycan chain structure in a variant of the C2 mouse muscle cell line

David C. Bowen, Herman Gordon, Zach W. Hall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Experiments on the S27 cell line, a variant of the C2 mouse muscle cell line that shows reduced incorporation of 35SO4 into proteoglycans, suggest that proteoglycans play a role in the clustering of acetylcholine receptors, an early step in synaptogenesis. Thus, unlike the C2 line, S27 myotubes do not form acetylcholine receptor clusters on their surface in aneural cultures and form few clusters in response to agrin. We have examined the proteoglycans synthesized by S27 myotubes to define further the biochemical defect in these cells. Gel filtration analysis of radiolabeled proteoglycans synthesized by C2 and S27 myotubes shows that both cell types express a similarly polydisperse complement of proteoglycans. Both radiolabeled heparan sulfate proteoglycans and chondroitin/dermatan sulfate proteoglycans are reduced in S27 myotubes, with the chondroitin/dermatan sulfate proteoglycans showing a distinct reduction in size. The core protein of perlecan, a major proteoglycan species in muscle, was present in S27 cells and unaltered in electrophoretic mobility. Thus a principal deficiency in S27 cells appears to be a defect in glycosaminoglycan chain elongation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2580-2588
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of neurochemistry
Volume66
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 1996

Keywords

  • Agrin
  • C2
  • Glycosaminoglycan
  • Muscle
  • Neuromuscular junction
  • Proteoglycans
  • S27

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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