Amblyopia in astigmatic infants and toddlers

Velma Dobson, Erin M. Harvey, Candice E. Clifford-Donaldson, Tina K. Green, Joseph M. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

PURPOSE.: To determine whether reduced astigmatism-corrected acuity for vertical (V) and/or horizontal (H) gratings and/or meridional amblyopia (MA) are present before 3 years of age in children who have with-the-rule astigmatism. METHODS.: Subjects were 448 children, 6 months through 2 years of age with no known ocular abnormalities other than with-the-rule astigmatism, who were recruited through Women, Infants and Children clinics on the Tohono O'odham reservation. Children were classified as non-astigmats (≤2.00 diopters) or astigmats (>2.00 diopters) based on right eye non-cycloplegic autorefraction measurements (Welch Allyn SureSight). Right eye astigmatism-corrected grating acuity for V and H stimuli was measured using the Teller Acuity Card procedure while children wore cross-cylinder lenses to correct their astigmatism or plano lenses if they had no astigmatism. RESULTS.: Astigmatism-corrected acuity for both V and H gratings was significantly poorer in the astigmats than in the non-astigmats, and the reduction in acuity for astigmats was present for children in all three age groups examined (6 months to <1 year, 1 to <2 years, and 2 to <3 years). There was no significant difference in V-H grating acuity (no evidence of MA) for the astigmatic group as a whole, or when data were analyzed for each age group. CONCLUSIONS.: Even in the youngest age group, astigmats tested with astigmatism correction showed reduced acuity for both V and H gratings, which suggests that astigmatism is having a negative influence on visual development. We found no evidence of orientation-related differences in astigmatism-corrected grating acuity, indicating either that MA does not develop before 3 years of age, or that most of the astigmatic children had a type of astigmatism, i.e., hyperopic, that has proven to be less likely than myopic or mixed astigmatism to result in MA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)330-336
Number of pages7
JournalOptometry and Vision Science
Volume87
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2010

Keywords

  • Amblyopia
  • Astigmatism
  • Infants
  • Meridional amblyopia
  • Native American
  • Toddlers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Optometry

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