Amelioration of thermal stress impacts in dairy cows

Frank R. Dunshea, Brian J. Leury, Fahri Fahri, Kristy Digiacomo, Alex Hung, Surinder Chauhan, Iain J. Clarke, Robert J Collier, Stephen Little, Lance Baumgard, John B. Gaughan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Heat stress negatively impacts on a variety of animal production parameters. Advances in management strategies have alleviated some of the negative impacts of thermal stress on farm animals, but production continues to markedly decrease during heat events in summer, particularly in dairy cattle. In this paper we introduce a Dairy Risk Assessment Program (DRAP). The DRAP is a user-friendly software package designed to assist users in predicting heat loads in dairy cow herds. DRAP was developed over three Australian summers using climatic data (temperature, humidity, solar radiation and wind speed), cow production data (milk yield and milk quality), and physiological data (respiration rate and body temperature). The data were used to develop mathematical algorithms which can predict animal response to climatic variables. This software package is designed to be used by the dairy industry to better manage cows during times of elevated environmental temperatures by equipping producers, managers, and dairy industry personnel with Dairy Heat Load Index (DHLI) values which were calculated based upon site information, stock characteristics, management practices, and mitigation variables specific to their dairy production unit. When a heat event is imminent producers can then introduce management strategies such as providing shade or additional water troughs or implementation of nutritional strategies. Some of these nutritional strategies include dietary chromium picolinate, betaine and antioxidant supplementation or altering the rate of starch fermentation. These nutritional strategies are discussed at some length in this paper.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)965-975
Number of pages11
JournalAnimal Production Science
Volume53
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013

Fingerprint

thermal stress
dairies
dairy cows
Hot Temperature
risk assessment
heat
Dairying
dairy industry
animal production
water troughs
cows
milk quality
summer
betaine
Milk
Software
respiratory rate
farmed animal species
chromium
animal behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Food Science

Cite this

Dunshea, F. R., Leury, B. J., Fahri, F., Digiacomo, K., Hung, A., Chauhan, S., ... Gaughan, J. B. (2013). Amelioration of thermal stress impacts in dairy cows. Animal Production Science, 53(9), 965-975. https://doi.org/10.1071/AN12384

Amelioration of thermal stress impacts in dairy cows. / Dunshea, Frank R.; Leury, Brian J.; Fahri, Fahri; Digiacomo, Kristy; Hung, Alex; Chauhan, Surinder; Clarke, Iain J.; Collier, Robert J; Little, Stephen; Baumgard, Lance; Gaughan, John B.

In: Animal Production Science, Vol. 53, No. 9, 2013, p. 965-975.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dunshea, FR, Leury, BJ, Fahri, F, Digiacomo, K, Hung, A, Chauhan, S, Clarke, IJ, Collier, RJ, Little, S, Baumgard, L & Gaughan, JB 2013, 'Amelioration of thermal stress impacts in dairy cows', Animal Production Science, vol. 53, no. 9, pp. 965-975. https://doi.org/10.1071/AN12384
Dunshea FR, Leury BJ, Fahri F, Digiacomo K, Hung A, Chauhan S et al. Amelioration of thermal stress impacts in dairy cows. Animal Production Science. 2013;53(9):965-975. https://doi.org/10.1071/AN12384
Dunshea, Frank R. ; Leury, Brian J. ; Fahri, Fahri ; Digiacomo, Kristy ; Hung, Alex ; Chauhan, Surinder ; Clarke, Iain J. ; Collier, Robert J ; Little, Stephen ; Baumgard, Lance ; Gaughan, John B. / Amelioration of thermal stress impacts in dairy cows. In: Animal Production Science. 2013 ; Vol. 53, No. 9. pp. 965-975.
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