Amino acid transport

Microinfusion and micropuncture of Henle's loops and vasa recta

William H Dantzler, Stefan Silbernagl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Amino acids appear to be reabsorbed distal to the tips of loops of Henle and may be recycled between loops and vasa recta in rat papilla. These possibilities were examined further by microinfusion and micropuncture of loops of Henle and vasa recta. To obtain information on the specificity of amino acid transport distal to the tips of the loops, ascending limbs were continuously microinfused with radioactively labeled L- and D-alanine, L-glutamate, taurine, andjnannitol. About 30% of the L- and D-alanine and L-glutamate but none of the taurine or mannitol appeared to be reabsorbed. These results suggest that an acidic and a neutral amino acid are reabsorbed to a similar extent, that reabsorption is not stereospecific, but that it does not occur indiscriminately for all amino acids or for all molecules of similar size. Continuous microinfusion of ascending vasa recta with radioactively labeled L- and D-alanine suggests that amino acids may be able to move from vasa recta into tubules (apparently loops of Henle) without first entering the systemic circulation. However, micropuncture measurements of concentrations of endogenous amino acids in thin ascending limbs and adjacent descending vasa recta do not demonstrate a gradient for passive movement out of loops.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology
Volume258
Issue number3 27-3
StatePublished - 1990

Fingerprint

Loop of Henle
Punctures
Rectum
Amino Acids
Alanine
Taurine
Glutamic Acid
Extremities
Neutral Amino Acids
Mannitol

Keywords

  • Amino acid recycling
  • D-alanine
  • L-alanine
  • L-glutamate
  • Mannitol
  • Rat papilla
  • Taurine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

Cite this

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abstract = "Amino acids appear to be reabsorbed distal to the tips of loops of Henle and may be recycled between loops and vasa recta in rat papilla. These possibilities were examined further by microinfusion and micropuncture of loops of Henle and vasa recta. To obtain information on the specificity of amino acid transport distal to the tips of the loops, ascending limbs were continuously microinfused with radioactively labeled L- and D-alanine, L-glutamate, taurine, andjnannitol. About 30{\%} of the L- and D-alanine and L-glutamate but none of the taurine or mannitol appeared to be reabsorbed. These results suggest that an acidic and a neutral amino acid are reabsorbed to a similar extent, that reabsorption is not stereospecific, but that it does not occur indiscriminately for all amino acids or for all molecules of similar size. Continuous microinfusion of ascending vasa recta with radioactively labeled L- and D-alanine suggests that amino acids may be able to move from vasa recta into tubules (apparently loops of Henle) without first entering the systemic circulation. However, micropuncture measurements of concentrations of endogenous amino acids in thin ascending limbs and adjacent descending vasa recta do not demonstrate a gradient for passive movement out of loops.",
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AU - Dantzler, William H

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N2 - Amino acids appear to be reabsorbed distal to the tips of loops of Henle and may be recycled between loops and vasa recta in rat papilla. These possibilities were examined further by microinfusion and micropuncture of loops of Henle and vasa recta. To obtain information on the specificity of amino acid transport distal to the tips of the loops, ascending limbs were continuously microinfused with radioactively labeled L- and D-alanine, L-glutamate, taurine, andjnannitol. About 30% of the L- and D-alanine and L-glutamate but none of the taurine or mannitol appeared to be reabsorbed. These results suggest that an acidic and a neutral amino acid are reabsorbed to a similar extent, that reabsorption is not stereospecific, but that it does not occur indiscriminately for all amino acids or for all molecules of similar size. Continuous microinfusion of ascending vasa recta with radioactively labeled L- and D-alanine suggests that amino acids may be able to move from vasa recta into tubules (apparently loops of Henle) without first entering the systemic circulation. However, micropuncture measurements of concentrations of endogenous amino acids in thin ascending limbs and adjacent descending vasa recta do not demonstrate a gradient for passive movement out of loops.

AB - Amino acids appear to be reabsorbed distal to the tips of loops of Henle and may be recycled between loops and vasa recta in rat papilla. These possibilities were examined further by microinfusion and micropuncture of loops of Henle and vasa recta. To obtain information on the specificity of amino acid transport distal to the tips of the loops, ascending limbs were continuously microinfused with radioactively labeled L- and D-alanine, L-glutamate, taurine, andjnannitol. About 30% of the L- and D-alanine and L-glutamate but none of the taurine or mannitol appeared to be reabsorbed. These results suggest that an acidic and a neutral amino acid are reabsorbed to a similar extent, that reabsorption is not stereospecific, but that it does not occur indiscriminately for all amino acids or for all molecules of similar size. Continuous microinfusion of ascending vasa recta with radioactively labeled L- and D-alanine suggests that amino acids may be able to move from vasa recta into tubules (apparently loops of Henle) without first entering the systemic circulation. However, micropuncture measurements of concentrations of endogenous amino acids in thin ascending limbs and adjacent descending vasa recta do not demonstrate a gradient for passive movement out of loops.

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KW - Taurine

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