AMPA receptor activation of area postrema neurons

Meredith Hay, Kathy A. Lindsley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study reports on the effects of activation of ionotropic glutamate receptors on area postrema neuron cytosolic calcium concentration ([Ca2+](i)]. In 140 of 242 area postrema neurons isolated from postnatal rats, application of 100 μM L-glutamate (L-Glu) resulted in a significant increase in [Ca2+](i). The remaining neurons were unaffected. The effects of L-Glu on area postrema [Ca2+](i) were dose dependent, with a threshold of response near 1.0 μM and maximal response near 100 μM. To determine if the response of L-Glu in area postrema neurons was due to activation of ionotropic glutamate receptors, the effects of the broad-spectrum ionotropic glutamate receptor antagonist kynurinic acid (Kyn) was determined. Application of 1.0 mM Kyn resulted in a 62.6 ± 4% inhibition of the L-Glu- evoked response. Application of the selective N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA) antagonist 2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoic acid had no effect on the response of area postrema neurons to 100 μM L-Glu. In contrast, application of the selective DL-α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-propionic acid (AMPA)/kainate receptor antagonist 6,7-dinitroquinoxaline (DNQX) effectively blocked the 100 μM L-Glu response. Application of (±)-AMPA mimicked the effects observed with L-Glu and was selectively blocked by DNQX. These results suggest that L-Glu activation of area postrema neurons involves activation of AMPA receptors but not NMDA receptors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R586-R590
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume276
Issue number2 45-2
StatePublished - Feb 1 1999
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Cell culture
  • Circumventricular organs
  • Fura 2
  • Glutamate receptors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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