Amplification of 19q13.1-q13.2 sequences in ovarian cancer: G-band, FISH, and molecular studies

Floyd H. Thompson, Mark A. Nelson, Jeffrey M. Trent, Xin Yuan Guan, Yun Liu, Jin Ming Yang, Julia Emerson, Laurence Adair, Julie Wymer, Celia Balfour, Kathy Massey, Ronald Weinstein, David S. Alberts, Raymond Taetle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

86 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study of ovarian carcinoma, we extended previous findings by performing FISH using chromosome 19 paint and microFISH probes and patient samples with and without abnormalities of chromosome 19 identified by G- bonding. Karyotype interpretations of der(19) were confirmed, while additional 19 translocations were also detected by FISH with 19WCP in some cases. Similar FISH studies of ovarian carcinoma cell lines found chromosome 19 abnormalities even after extensive in vitro culture. MicroFISH probes were generated by chromosome microdissection from two cases with hsr(19) and mapped to 19q13.2 and 19q13.1-.2, respectively. FISH with these microFISH probes alone or in combination with a 19 WCP probe to four patient samples and seven cell lines showed that 65% of chromosome 19 structural abnormalities contained 19q13.1-q13.2 sequences, sometimes as large hsrs. Ovarian cancer cell lines showed amplification and overexpression of the AKT2 putative oncogene, but not the ERCC-2 DNA repair gene in this chromosomal region. In addition to AKT2, amplification and overexpression of other yet- unidentified genes in the 19q13.1-q13.2 region may contribute to ovarian carcinoma pathogenesis or progression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)55-62
Number of pages8
JournalCancer Genetics and Cytogenetics
Volume87
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research

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