An 810-year history of cold season temperature variability for northern Poland

Daniel Balanzategui, Antje Knorr, Karl Uwe Heussner, Tomasz Wazny, Wolfgang Beck, Michał Słowiński, Gerhard Helle, Allan Buras, Martin Wilmking, Ernst Van Der Maaten, Tobias Scharnweber, Isabel Dorado-Liñán, Ingo Heinrich

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Abstract

Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) is a widely used tree species in European dendroclimatology studies due to its common distribution across much of the continent. Almost all studies find radial growth strongly related to summer temperature, a result reflecting site selection at high elevation/latitude environments where trees grow at their ecophysiological limits. Due to the amount of attention spent on these sites there is a geographical and seasonal bias in temperature reconstructions based upon tree-ring proxies in Europe. To overcome the limited availability of tree-ring data in temperate lowlands, we present a northern Poland ring-width chronology developed from living and historic Scots pine material with a strong common growth signal going back to AD 1200. Investigations into climate-growth relationships found year-to-year ring-width variability to be more strongly correlated to cold season temperature (November to April) prior to the growing season than summer temperatures during tree-ring formation. Based on this relationship it was possible to reconstruct cold season temperature conditions for the last 810 years. Spatial field correlations with gridded instrumental records indicated that the reconstruction provides relevant cold season temperature information across the land regions bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and Baltic Sea, lowlands and uplands of western and central Europe, and the eastern and central interior of Russia. Despite an unsuccessful attempt to find a stationary relationship with the North Atlantic Oscillation, comparisons with several cold season temperature reconstructions confirmed the long-term connection between our reconstructed temperature series for northern Poland and the wider area.

LanguageEnglish (US)
JournalBoreas
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2017

Fingerprint

Poland
Cold
Temperature
History
cold season
temperature
history
cold
Tree Rings
growth rings
Pinus sylvestris
tree ring
Summer
Ring Width
Scots pine
North Atlantic
lowlands
summer
Europe
Dendroclimatology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Archaeology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Geology

Cite this

Balanzategui, D., Knorr, A., Heussner, K. U., Wazny, T., Beck, W., Słowiński, M., ... Heinrich, I. (2017). An 810-year history of cold season temperature variability for northern Poland. Boreas. DOI: 10.1111/bor.12274

An 810-year history of cold season temperature variability for northern Poland. / Balanzategui, Daniel; Knorr, Antje; Heussner, Karl Uwe; Wazny, Tomasz; Beck, Wolfgang; Słowiński, Michał; Helle, Gerhard; Buras, Allan; Wilmking, Martin; Van Der Maaten, Ernst; Scharnweber, Tobias; Dorado-Liñán, Isabel; Heinrich, Ingo.

In: Boreas, 2017.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Balanzategui, D, Knorr, A, Heussner, KU, Wazny, T, Beck, W, Słowiński, M, Helle, G, Buras, A, Wilmking, M, Van Der Maaten, E, Scharnweber, T, Dorado-Liñán, I & Heinrich, I 2017, 'An 810-year history of cold season temperature variability for northern Poland' Boreas. DOI: 10.1111/bor.12274
Balanzategui D, Knorr A, Heussner KU, Wazny T, Beck W, Słowiński M et al. An 810-year history of cold season temperature variability for northern Poland. Boreas. 2017. Available from, DOI: 10.1111/bor.12274
Balanzategui, Daniel ; Knorr, Antje ; Heussner, Karl Uwe ; Wazny, Tomasz ; Beck, Wolfgang ; Słowiński, Michał ; Helle, Gerhard ; Buras, Allan ; Wilmking, Martin ; Van Der Maaten, Ernst ; Scharnweber, Tobias ; Dorado-Liñán, Isabel ; Heinrich, Ingo. / An 810-year history of cold season temperature variability for northern Poland. In: Boreas. 2017
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