An active wave generating-absorbing boundary condition for VOF type numerical model

Peter Troch, Julien De Rouck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations


The objective of the present work is to discuss the implementation of an active wave generating-absorbing boundary condition for a numerical model based on the Volume Of Fluid (VOF) method for tracking free surfaces. First an overview of the development of VOF type models with special emphasis in the field of coastal engineering is given. A new type of numerical boundary condition for combined wave generation and absorption in the numerical model VOFbreak2 is presented. The numerical boundary condition is based on an active wave absorption system that was first developed in the context of physical wave flume experiments, using a wave paddle. The method applies to regular and irregular waves. Velocities are measured at one location inside the computational domain. The reflected wave train is separated from the incident wave field in front of a structure by means of digital filtering and subsequent superposition of the measured velocity signals. The incident wave signal is corrected, so that the reflected wave is effectively absorbed at the boundary. The digital filters are derived theoretically and their practical design is discussed. The practical use of this numerical boundary condition is compared to the use of the absorption system in a physical wave flume. The effectiveness of the active wave generating absorbing boundary condition finally is proved using analytical tests and numerical simulations with VOFbreak2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)223-247
Number of pages25
JournalCoastal Engineering
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • Boundary condition
  • Numerical model
  • Volume of fluid
  • Wave absorption

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Ocean Engineering


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