An agent-based model of agricultural innovation, land-cover change and household inequality: The transition from Swidden cultivation to rubber plantations in Laos PDR

Tom P. Evans, Khamla Phanvilay, Jefferson Fox, John Vogler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

This article examines the transition from shifting cultivation to rubber production for a study area in northern Laos PDR using an agent-based model of land-cover change. A primary objective of the model was to assess changes in household-level inequality with the transition from shifting cultivation to rubber adoption. A secondary objective was to develop explanations for the rate of rubber adoption in the study area. We fit the model to historical land-cover data and land use histories developed from household-level field interviews to reproduce the land use decisions of smallholders over time. The model results indicate an increase in household inequality over time as a function of the variable rate of rubber adoption over time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)151-173
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Land Use Science
Volume6
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Agent-based model
  • Agricultural innovation
  • Forest transition
  • Inequality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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