An analysis of DNA replication in synchronized CHO cells treated with benzo[a]pyrene diol epoxide

Doug T. Yamanishi, G. Tim Bowden, Anne E. Cress

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Synchronized Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells treated with (±)7β,8α-dihydroxy-9α,10α-epoxy-7,8,9,10-dihydrobenzo[a]pyrene (BP diol epoxide I) were used to test the 'block-gap' model of replicative bypass repair in mammalian cells. One feature of the model is that carcinogenic or mutagenic DNA adducts act as blocks to the DNA replication fork on the leading strand. Using synchronized CHO cells, the rate of S phase progression by BrdUrd labeling of newly replicated DNA was measured. The rate of S phase progression was reduced by 22% and 42%, when the cells were treated at the G1/S boundary with 0.33 and 0.66 μM BP diol epoxide I, respectively. Using the pH step alkaline elution assay, it was found that the reduced rate of S phase progression was due to a delay in the appearance of multiple replicon size nascent DNA. This observation was consistent with the frequency of BP-DNA adducts present in the leading strand. A second feature of the 'block-gap' model is that the adduct-induced blockage on the lagging strand will produce gaps. It was determined by the use of high-resolution agarose gel electrophoresis, that the ligation of Okazaki size replication intermediates was blocked in a dose-dependent manner in BP diol epoxide I treated, synchronized CHO cells. These data are consistent with a block to the leading strand of DNA replication at DNA-carcinogen adducts. An inhibition of the ligation of Okazaki size fragments by BP diol epoxide I implies a block to replication of the DNA lagging strand leading to gap formation. The data presented here are, therefore, supportive of the 'block-gap' model of replicative bypass repair in carcinogen damaged mammalian cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)34-42
Number of pages9
JournalBBA - Gene Structure and Expression
Volume910
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 9 1987

Keywords

  • (CHO cell)
  • Benzo[a]pyrene diol epoxide
  • Block-gap model
  • DNA replication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Genetics

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