An analysis of quality improvement education at US colleges of pharmacy

Janet Heather Cooley, Samuel F. Stolpe, Amber Montoya, Angela Walsh, Ana L. Hincapie, Vibhuti Arya, Melissa L. Nelson, Terri L Warholak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective. Analyze quality improvement (QI) education across US pharmacy programs. Methods. This was a two stage cross-sectional study that inspected each accredited school website for published QI curriculum or related content, and e-mailed a questionnaire to each school asking about QI curriculum or content. T-test and chi square were used for analysis with an alpha a priori set at .05. Results. Sixty responses (47% response rate) revealed the least-covered QI topics: quality dashboards / sentinel systems (30%); six-sigma or other QI methodologies (45%); safety and quality measures (57%); Medicare Star measures and payment incentives (58%); and how to implement changes to improve quality (60%). More private institutions covered Adverse Drug Events than public institutions and required a dedicated QI class; however, required QI projects were more often reported by public institutions. Conclusion. Despite the need for pharmacists to understand QI, it is not covered well in school curricula.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number51
JournalAmerican Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Volume81
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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Keywords

  • Medication error reduction
  • Quality control
  • Quality improvement
  • Quality measurement
  • Safety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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