An effective five-drug antiemetic combination for prevention of chemotherapy-related nausea and vomiting - Experience in eighty-four patients

John F. Kessler, David S. Alberts, Patricia M. Plezia, Vicki Wilson, Judy Chase, Matti Aapro, Earl A. Surwit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Antiemetics of known efficacy have been shown to block mainly one of three neurotransmitter receptors in the brain. A combination of antiemetics, designed specifically for outpatient use and consisting of metoclopramide, thiethylperazine, diphenhydramine, dexamethasone, and diazepam, is capable of blocking multiple sites in the emesis pathway. Eighty-four patients receiving highly emetic chemotherapy (85% received cisplatin) completed 200 trials of this five-drug combination using two similar regimens. Complete control (i.e., no nausea or vomiting) was achieved in 45% and two or fewer episodes of vomiting was experienced in 72% of these 200 trials. The mean number of vomiting episodes was 1.65, the median 1.0, and the range 0-15. Sedation was nearly universal, although no serious toxicity was encountered. Thus, this antiemetic combination designed for outpatient use proved highly effective in controlling nausea and vomiting associated with highly emetic anticancer treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)282-286
Number of pages5
JournalCancer Chemotherapy And Pharmacology
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Cancer Research
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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