An efficient application of polynomial chaos expansion for the dynamic analysis of multibody systems with uncertainty

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this paper the mathematical framework of an advanced algorithm is presented to efficiently form and solve the equations of motion of a multibody system involving uncertainty in the system parameters and/or the excitations. The uncertainty is introduced to the system through the application of the polynomial chaos expansion. In this scheme, states of the system, nondeterministic parameters, and the constraint loads are expanded using modal values as well as orthogonal basis functions. Computational complexity of the application of traditional methods to solve the stochastic equations of motion of a multibody system drastically grows as a cubic function of the number of the states of the system, uncertain parameters and the maximum degree of the polynomial chosen for the basis function. The presented method forms the equation of motion of the system without forming the entire mass and Jacobian matrices. In this strategy, the stochastic governing equations of motion of each individual body as well as the one associated with the kinematic constraint at the connecting joint are developed in terms of the basis functions and modal coordinates. Then sweeping the system in two passes assembly and disassembly, one can form and solve the stochastic equations of motion. In the assembly pass the non-deterministic equations of motion of the assemblies are obtained. In the disassembly process, these equations are then recursively solved for the modal values of the spatial accelerations and the constraints loads. In the serial and parallel implementations, computational complexity of the method increases as a linear and logarithmic functions of the number of the states of the system, uncertain variables, and the maximum degree of the basis functions used in the expansion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication10th International Conference on Multibody Systems, Nonlinear Dynamics, and Control
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
Volume6
ISBN (Print)9780791846391
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014
EventASME 2014 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC/CIE 2014 - Buffalo, United States
Duration: Aug 17 2014Aug 20 2014

Other

OtherASME 2014 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC/CIE 2014
CountryUnited States
CityBuffalo
Period8/17/148/20/14

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Modeling and Simulation

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    Poursina, M. (2014). An efficient application of polynomial chaos expansion for the dynamic analysis of multibody systems with uncertainty. In 10th International Conference on Multibody Systems, Nonlinear Dynamics, and Control (Vol. 6). American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). https://doi.org/10.1115/DETC201435226